Thursday, March 16, 2017

Accurate Psychic Readings - Can They Help You in Decision Making?

One major reason people want to get accurate psychic readings is because they are looking for guidance and advice regarding their decision making. In a general sense, psychic readings can give you that much needed enlightenment whenever you feel lost and want to get some sense of direction.

Accurate psychic readings can assist us in making decisions through three ways, which are:

#1: Letting Your Understand The Whole Story Better

Oftentimes, our emotions get in the way of our judgment when it comes to important matters. With psychic readings, we get a clearer picture of things from all angles, which would then allow us to see the impact of those emotions on our decisions.

#2: Giving You a Peek Of The Pros And Conss

As human beings, we are prone to overlooking the advantages and disadvantages of the decisions we make. With psychic readings, we get to see the negative and positive impacts our decisions can have on people and things around us and letting us become better decision makers.

#3: Making You Realize What Your Strengths, Weaknesses, And Mistakes Are

We have moments of weakness which affects our decision making a whole lot. However, we also act on something and forget to realize we can do a whole lot better than just that. With psychic readings, we get to know more about ourselves and see where we can improve on, what aspects of ourselves are our best assets and how we can use those assets to overcome any shortcomings we have. Apart from that, we also get to see the mistakes we make, allowing for a better learning experience.

As you can see, accurate psychic readings can be a great form of assistance when it comes to making decisions. Readings won’t only give you the enlightenment that you need to see the right path to take, accurate psychic readings can even show you how to continue your journey and how to stay on the right track.

Accurate psychic readings can do more than just help you in decision making. Check out to learn about the others ways that accurate psychic readings works it wonders.

Labels: Accurate Psychic Readings - Can They Help You in Decision Making?

Abnormal Energy Metabolism in Bipolar Disorder


I have long maintained that bipolar disorder and schizophrenia are like Tweedledum and Tweedledee. Now there is new evidence in favor of this. I have already published papers demonstrating that glucose metabolism is slow in the brain in schizophrenia. This is also true in bipolar disorder. Japanese reserachers have reported abnormal energy metabolism in bipolar disorder which they atribute to mitochondrial dysfunction.

The work on schizophrenia is discussed in the citations in the bibliography. My own articles are available free full text on the Internet.

Mitochondrial Dysfunction

According to T. Kato of the Laboratory for Molecular Dynamics of Mental Disorders Brain Science Institute, RIKEN Saitama 351-0198, Japan, bipolar illness is caused by “mitochondrial dysfunction”. If this is true, and I believe that Kato is right, then the cause of the mitochondrial dysfunction needs to be established. My theory is that amino acids are flooding the cell, including the mitochondria, which are in the cytoplasm. This causes the cell to burn amino acids for fuel instead of glucose. This can cause disastrous problems in the brain.

“Thus, development of new mood stabilizers acting on mitochondrial function might be warranted.” T. Kato

“Altered energy metabolism” was reported by Kato. This is a finding that has been reported for years by Russian workers in schizophrenia. The Russians do not appear to use the diagnosis of bipolar disorder. They classify the various forms of mental illness into different types of schizophrenia. Their classifications of the different types of schizophrenia aree different from ours.

Energy Metabolism

“Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopic studies in bipolar disorder revealed altered brain energy metabolism resembling that of chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO).” T. Kato

“Mood disorder is one characteristic symptom in several families of CPEO caused by mutations …” according to Kato. Kato found “impaired energy metabolism in the brain detected by magnetic resonance spectroscopy” in bipolar disorder but has not yet investigated schizophrenia.

“Further study of mitochondrial dysfunction in bipolar disorder is expected to be useful for the development of new mood stabilisers.” Kato


The Russian research on schizophrenia may reflect disturbances in bipolar disorder since they appear to merge the two diseases. Kolomeets reported local astrogliosis in schizophrenia in 2008. This was an abnormality of the astrocytes. Gliosis tends to appear in toxic diseases. This suggests an unknown toxic factor as possibly causing schizophrenia.


Although Kato favors the development of new drugs, my own theory favors orthomolecular or metabolic treatment. If amino acids are flooding the cells, a diet very low in amino acids would be logical.

There is a theory that fish oil should be used in bipolar disorder. My own experience is that fish oil, although safe and healthy, does not work.







6. Kato T. Mitochondrial dysfunction in bipolar disorder: from 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopic findings to their molecular mechanisms. Int Rev Neurobiol. 2005;63:21-40.

Labels: Abnormal Energy Metabolism in Bipolar Disorder

An Overview of New Age Beliefs and Practices

Many ancient religious and spiritual traditions have seen a revival through what is more popularly known as “New Age” practices. This term has been used now for some decades and yet it remains difficult to classify all New Age beliefs and practices because of the diversity and immense assortment of elements within.

In search of truth and enlightenment, New Agers embrace and examine ancient practices with a modern eye. These include astrology, reincarnation, the tarot, visualisation and affirmations, astral-projection, goddess worship and shaminism. Ancient systems of medicine and healing such as herbalism, homeopathy, reflexology, crystal healing and aromatherapy are also seeing a revival in the New Age, known collectively as “alternative therapies.”

New Age Religion

There is no formal religion or specific doctrine within New Age practices. New Age spiritualists tend to believe that all paths lead to God and within New Age teachings and practices can be seen a mix of beliefs including Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism and Spiritualism. Fundamentally it is believed that everything that exists comes from a single source of divine energy.

Because there are so many beliefs and practices amongst New Age practitioners, some might focus on just a few and not all New Agers will accept or vouch for all concepts and practices that come under the heading of “New Age.” An essential element of their philosophy is that they explore and investigate the beliefs they feel most comfortable with. There is tolerance for all beliefs and systems of truth and purpose.

Most New Agers believe in a Universal Religion. God is “all” and therefore all religions are paths that lead to the one God. Most believe in Karma and many seek truth and enlightenment through mystical/spiritual/psychological experiences such as meditation and contemplation, guided imagery, hypnosis, dream analysis, astral travel or yoga in an attempt to bring about personal transformation.

In this striving to contact the “higher self” and through the aforementioned techniques, many New Agers will open themselves to the guidance of spiritual beings such as Angels, guides or Universal Energy. A common belief is that everything in the universe is interconnected, a part of the same energy and God is one name for this energy.

New Age Practices

The practices listed below will help give an idea of just some of the concepts, beliefs and systems pursued by New Agers:

Automatic Writing – Channeling – Crystal healing – Meditation – New Age Music – Divination (including astrology, tarot, crystal balls, scrying, runes and the I-ching) – Holistic Health (including aromatherapy, iridology, reflexology, reiki, massage, meditation, homeopathy, herbalism), Mythology, Spirituality, Synchronicity, Karma, Universalism, Prayer, Tantra, Cosmic Ordering, Goddess worship, Dances of Universal Peace, Shamanism, Wicca, Rosicrucian, New Religious Movements, Chakras, Kirlian photography, Auras, Self-help, Near death experiences and Out-of-body experiences, Parapsychology, Soul travel, Clairvoyance, Mediumship, Palmistry, Telepathy, Remote Viewing, Oracles, Extrasensory perception, Earth mysteries, Ley lines, Magic, Numerology, Feng Shui

Many of these practices help connect the New Ager with the “natural world” which is also so much a part of their spiritual devotion.

“New Age” can therefore be described as an umbrella term for a diverse range of personal and network beliefs and practices influenced primarily to bring about greater self awareness through spiritual development and the enrichment of an individual’s personal beliefs.

Labels: An Overview of New Age Beliefs and Practices

All-Natural Skin Care Tips for Spring

Spring is just around the corner with only a couple of months away. With winter drying up our skin, it is no wonder we are looking for skin care solutions to repair the damage winter has done. It doesn’t matter whether you’re a man or a woman, caring for your skin care should be a priority for everyone. Since spring is actually technically less than two months away now according to the calendar, although winter seems to drag on for a long time it seems, we should actually start taking care to repair our skin now. There are a few things, such as beauty equipment we can use and things we can do to start repairing dry skin and other damage winter has and still is doing to our skin. The great part is, these tips to help start repairing winter skin damage are all natural without the harsh chemicals most skin care products have these days.

Start your Morning with a Wake-up Scrub

Coffee wakes us up in the morning and gets us started for the day ahead. However, it is not just for drinking anymore. You can now use coffee grounds as an all-natural body scrub to wake your body up. This natural coffee body scrub is actually used in Thai and Balinese spas. You will need a few other things besides coffee grounds including 1/4 cup of olive oil, a teaspoon of pure vanilla extract, a cup of pure turbinado sugar, about 15 drops of peppermint essential oil, and 1/2 cup of coffee grounds from a fresh brewed pot. Combine these ingredients in a bowl and mix them well using a fork. You should then transfer this scrub to a sealed jar to refrigerate and cool before using it. When ready to use and since the wake-up scrub has oil in it, stand on a rubber bath mat to prevent slips or falls. Scrub body thorougly while paying special attention to the roughest spots on your body such as elbows and knees. Once you are done scrubbing your body, wash skin with a natural soap or body wash, pat dry with towel, and finally, use a body lotion to seal the moisture in.

Drink Lots of Water

Everyone needs water, and plenty of it, to stay hydrated. This is true for all year round but especially true for the warmer months when we tend to sweat our bodily moisture out. Make sure to supplement the moisture inside your body by drinking at least 6 to 8 glasses every day. Other options for healthy fluid include natural juices, mineral water, and even tea.

Pay Special Attention to your Diet

Make sure to get your healthy proteins. These include soybean milk, fat-free milk, other liquid proteins, and foods such as walnuts, plenty of fruits and veggies, fish, and lean meat. Dried fruits are also good for your diet this time of year.

Choose the Best Skin Care Products

You can choose the best skin care products by going for the alcohol free facial cleansers. Also, reach for skin care products that include Vitamin A in them since Vitamin A not only helps improve the blood cycle but also reduces wrinkles.

Cleanse the Skin Twice per Day

You will want to clean your skin once in the morning and once in the evening. You will want to pay special attention to your morning cleanser and ensure it includes SPF to prevent damage from the sun. For the evening, make sure to choose an alcohol free cleanser that will not only clean your skin better and more naturally but will also act as a base for anything else you may apply to the skin.

Labels: All-Natural Skin Care Tips for Spring

An Analysis of Sherman Alexie's "A Drug Called Tradition"

Sherman Alexie’s short story entitled A Drug Called Tradition (Brown & Ling, 387-394) offers a very interesting portrait of actual Native spirituality and customs even as it propagates the myth of the shaman Indian A. Robert Lee speaks of in his chapter on Native American fiction. (Lee, 90-119)

Alexie’s story opens with “the second-largest party in reservation history” which has come about as a result of Thomas-Builds-The-Fire winning a lawsuit against Washington Water Power over the placing of ten power poles on Thomas’ land. The narrator claims that anytime an Indian wins a lot of money from corporations like this, “we can all hear our ancestors laughing in the trees.”(Brown & Ling, 387)

This quote sets the stage in that the concept of all the Indians being able to hear ghostly laughter from trees lends itself to Lee’s observation that fiction tends to add to the myth of Indians as shamans; a myth which Lee seems a little contradictory on. Lee seems convinced that many people have gained this view from fictions created by primarily white authors (Lee, 101-103) and yet when discussing Native spirituality and shamanic symbolism, Lee acknowledges this as a continuation of Native culture and oral tradition. (109-111). This disparity makes interpretation of such images and scenes difficult to analyze without a deeper knowledge of Native spirituality and customs.

As the title of Alexie’s tale indicates this story is primarily about a Native tradition, in this case a Spokane tradition involving ritual drug use. While the story with its reference to “Washington Water Power” indicates that the Spokane tribe is located in the Northwestern United States, the traditional use of natural hallucinogenic plants for Native rituals extends far beyond a single tribe or region and includes more than one variety of plant. Weston La Barre, a James B. Duke Professor of Anthropology Emeritus in Duke University who researched peyote usage by Native Americans from the 1930’s through the 1980’s, covers the use of the peyote cactus for religious purposes across much of the United States Southwest and further south into Mexico in his book entitled The Peyote Cult. The exact drug used in Alexie’s story is not labeled but is probably from a similar substance.

La Barre lists the symptoms of peyote intoxication as follows: First a sense of exhilaration often expressed by dancing which leads into a depression state in which dreams and visions occur. This secondary state may also include feelings of brotherhood and the desire to learn something new. The entire effect can take up to twelve hours to run its full course. (La Barre, 17-22). In A Drug Called Tradition the narrator, Victor, describes himself as dancing first in a vision, then around his companion, Junior, and Junior’s car. (Brown & Ling 390-391) This reaction is in keeping with the use of a traditional hallucinogen. these images take on other, more cultural meanings.

The images that Victor sees during his hallucination are images from his tribal past in which the past enfolds him as a participant. These images progress from powerful, in the theft of a horse, to depressing, in the images of a tribe wiped out by blankets deliberately tainted with smallpox, through a more modern day image of seeing his companion entertaining tourists with a guitar and singing a song in which the Indians have won against the whites. (389-391). To an extent this is simply a series of hallucinations that follow the natural progress of the drug’s effect however, when viewed in terms similar to those expressed by Gloria Anzaldua in Erika Aigner-Varoz’s Metaphors of a Mestiza Consciousness: Anzaldua’s Borderlands/La Frontera

Aigner-Varoz quotes Anzaldua in her critical essay as saying:

“Through the centuries a culture touches and influences another, passing on its metaphors and its gods before it dies. Metaphors are gods. The new culture adopts, modifies, and enriches these images, and it, in turn, passes them on changed. The process is repeated until the original meanings of images are pushed into the unconscious” (Aigner-Varoz, 1)

The newer cultural influences on Native American metaphors are barely two centuries old thus the older less altered metaphors still exist in the subconscious allowing the boys in A Drug Called Tradition to access images of cultural significance less changed than these images would be from a day-to-day conscious thought process.

The concept of stealing a horse and learning its secret name which in this case is Flight offers an image from the tribal past and the idea of the horse, which obviously runs faster than a man, offers the concept of freedom or escape. (Brown & Ling 389)

In Lee’s arguments regarding the fictions that seem harmful to the Natives the idea of using a drug to see visions as well as the idea of stealing a horse are both adding to the stockpile of already confusing and degrading myths of the drunken Indian or the criminal Indian as well as the childlike Indian who thinks drugs lead to enlightenment rather than the scientific facts involving the chemical effect on the brain. (Lee, 109) However, Lee’s arguments in his writings for the presence of Native spirituality indicate that the inclusion of such images works toward maintaining and preserving the Native culture and religious practices. (97-98) This seemingly contradictory approach to the idea of shamanic or nature based religious experience in literature and film makes Lee’s assessment of the Native fictions a little hard to follow.

It would almost appear that Lee finds the shamanic myth in fictions involving Indians but written by whites (109) while he identifies Native beliefs, culture, and practices as acceptable in fictions written by Native Americans. (98) The romantic view seems to be the actual issue as Lee’s writings indicate that whites have romanticized the Indian as a shamanic figure while the Native American themselves include the shamanic or religious scenes as simply a part of daily living.

In the case of A Drug Called Tradition the use of a hallucinogenic substance for a vision is labeled by Thomas-Builds-The-Fire who says “Although it is the twentieth century and planes are passing overhead, the Indian boys have decided to be real Indians tonight. They all want to have their vision, to receive their true names, their adult names.” (Brown & Ling 392) This statement places the action of taking a drug for the purpose of this vision into the category of a tribal rite of passage which is simply a cultural ritual that is being carried out despite the changes over time that have altered the tribe’s way of life.

In essence this is a way to preserve tradition as the title of the tale implies.

Thomas-Builds-The-Fire also holds a very cultural place in this tale as he fills the role of storyteller and continues the oral tradition common to many indigenous peoples as Mary Pat Fisher indicates in her book Living Religions. Her text labels the position of storyteller as a spiritual specialty among indigenous religions and states, “Because the traditions are oral rather than written, these people must memorize long and complex stories and songs so that the group’s sacred traditions can be remembered and taught, generation after generation.”(Fisher, 59-60) Thomas-Builds-The-Fire is in essence the actual shaman of the tale in that he is acting in the role of teacher and guide to the boys as they undergo this rite of passage; a role that is in itself a tradition. Thomas also takes the time to tell the boys a story about themselves undergoing the ritual. This action may also be a way for Thomas, as tribal storyteller, to commit the action to memory so the tale can be added to his repertoire for the generations to come.

Lee indicates on pages 113 through 114 that Thomas-Builds-The-Fire features in other tales by Alexie, which may in fact be Alexie’s way of creating a fictional tribal storyteller to carry on the tradition through the written word rather than relying on oral traditions more difficult to continue in modern society. This may be a very creative way to preserve the old way of the oral storyteller through the new way of the written storyteller.

If so, this would be a very clever, creative approach on Alexie’s part as well as an effective transitional method for shifting tribal sacred traditions from the oral to the written, in essence from the fading no longer reliable methods of the past to a more viable and potentially necessary modern approach. The old ways are gone and cannot literally be restored, just like the tribe wiped out by smallpox in Victor’s vision, and so a new way must be embraced in order to insure that the past and the identity it offers to the tribe is not lost entirely. (Brown & Ling 390)

The metaphor of Junior and his guitar entertaining tourists along with the song that speaks of Indians triumphing over whites can be viewed in multiple ways. (391-392) The initial reaction is to view this image as wishful thinking or a desire for what might have been, but if Alexie’s intention is to create a method through his tales for preserving tribal culture and sacred tradition through Thomas-Builds-The-Fire then the metaphor becomes less wishful and much more a reality as Alexie makes use of the white man’s pen to preserve the Indian’s inheritance thus using the very written word and education of the white’s that altered the tribe’s way of life in the first place as a method to salvage the past right under the conqueror’s nose.

This type of approach would be very much in keeping with the initial idea of the “ancestral laughing ghosts” in the beginning as Victor comments that no one is certain just who the ghosts are laughing at, the Indians or the Whites, and he thinks they are laughing at everyone.(387) It is quite possible that this is a metaphor for Alexie himself, who approaches the story A Drug Called Tradition as if he was discussing a college fraternity party or relating the story to an outsider who is certain to find the tale amusing rather than seeing the tale in truth.

Alexie’s writing has the flavor of being cleverly downplayed in a deliberate effort to sort those who know and understand from those who have no idea. In essence he laughs with those who see the truth and laughs at those who see only what the outsider is bound to see; a trio of Indians doing drugs, getting high and acting like the drunken Indian they expected to see. This comes to light in the references Alexie uses through out the story.

The story starts out with a large party including beer and the reader is told that Victor has a drug he intends to invite at least one other person to share with him. (387) Victor makes the comment, “It’ll be very fucking Indian. Spiritual shit, you know?” (388) Alexie writes of the boys as sitting in Junior’s car trying “to look like horsepowered warriors” (388) and has Junior take “a screaming corner” and labels it “just another Indian boy engaged in some rough play.”(389) The outsider sees a teenage party, but as the quote from Victor indicates the boys do know this is “spiritual shit”. (388) The boys know exactly what they are doing, what the ritual is indicative of, and what is supposed to happen. It is the outsider who sees this for less than it is, which is exactly what Alexie seems to intend.

The multiple levels of this story and the metaphors included in it are complex enough to show the creativity and cleverness of Alexie’s storytelling ability. The story seems almost banal on the surface level as it simply speaks of a trio of Indian boys getting stoned after a party, but the reality of the story gives it much greater depth.

The primary purpose, a secondary level, is to show a continuation of a tribal sacred tradition into modern times. This tradition carries with it a sense of shamanism in the ability to hear ancestral spirits in trees and understand the language of a horse. It also brings in the ritual use of a drug and the effects of that drug within a sacred rite of passage. The metaphors that emerge thereafter offer insights into the past as well as the present, albeit with a twist and in this twist is evidence of a tertiary level.

This time it is a level at which the author becomes a part of the story through the methods in which it has been written and the usage of scenarios and language that separate the insider from the outsider and laughs at those who see only the surface. Alexie laughs too at those who have tried to crush these traditions and failed by giving the author the very tools needed to preserve the sacred stories despite separation, relocation, reeducation, and suppression. This tale becomes not the story of three Indian boys getting stoned after a party, but a multi-leveled tale involving at least three separate topics and traditions all at once. Even the idea of someone, particularly high school or college age who wins a large lawsuit, throwing a beer party is something of a tradition if one ascribes to the American adolescent stereotype.

Sherman Alexie’s A Drug Called Tradition is a perfect example of how a member of a suppressed race inside a more dominant culture can approach the preservation of traditional sacred rites as well as cultural and religious teachings despite the efforts of the dominant culture to eradicate them. This story offers a great deal of depth and irony as well as preserving a sacred ritual along with a sacred occupation. Alexie has found a way to bring his tribe into the modern world without losing touch with his ancestral heritage at the same time. This is no easy task, but A Drug Called Tradition is indeed the “one drum that can fit in my hand, but if I think if I played it a little, it might fill up the whole world.” (394)


Works Cited

Brown, W. & Ling. A. Imagining America: Stories From The Promised Land. Persea Books, Inc. New York. 2002. Pgs. 387-394.

Lee, A. Robert. Multicultural American Literature: Comparative Black, Native, Latino/a, and Asian American Fictions. Edinburgh University Press, Ltd. Edinburgh. United States Publication by University Press of Mississippi. 2003. Pgs. 90-119.

La Barre, Weston. The Peyote Cult. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman Oklahoma. 1989. Pgs. 10-22.

Aigner-Varoz, Erika. Metaphors of a Mestiza Consciousness: Anzaldua’s Borderlands/La Frontera – Critical Essay. Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnics Literature of the United States 2000. The Gale Group 2001. Retrieved from the World Wide Web from BNET Research Center 14 December 2007. Pg. 1.

Fisher, Mary Pat. Living Religions. University of Phoenix. Prentice Hall, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 1999. Pgs. 59-60.

Labels: An Analysis of Sherman Alexie's "A Drug Called Tradition"

5 Tips for Keeping Your Kid's Bedroom Clean

Kids are messy and unorganized at times, even with parents best efforts to have their children gain some sort of responsibility. Keeping their bedrooms clean can seem to be even more of a challenge. It is amazing what kids can do in such little time to one room of the house, making it a disaster area in literally minutes. Through my own parental experiences, which include feelings of awe, frustration, surprise, and shock, it is surprising that a kid’s bedroom can contain a section of chaos within your own home. Here are some tips for cleaning in and cleaning out your kid’s bedroom to help (ok, perhaps minimize) the challenge of keeping their bedrooms picked up and orderly.

1) Give Them Their Own Clothes Hamper In Their Bedroom
This is a simple, inexpensive item to have in your child’s room for their clothes and their clothes only. Your child knows exactly where dirty clothes go and is easily accessible to them. Make it a daily habit to put dirty clothes in the hamper, which can be encouraged starting with toddlers. This is also helpful when doing laundry and there is no need for sorting between siblings clothing.

2) Do A Toy Cleanse
Kids outgrow toys, simply have too many toys, or forget about having them. Those toys can be the ones that permanently litter the floor (a.k.a. obstacle course) in their room. If there are toys your child received when they were 2 years old and they are now 5, chances are they won’t play with it often or at all. Donate it, garage sale it, or put it in a memory bin if it is a significant toy. If it is broken or in really bad shape, just do it – throw it away.

3) Have a Bin or Container for EVERYTHING
Make sure every toy has a place to go when it is time to clean up the bedroom. Make sure your child understands where each toy goes, whether it is in a container, on a shelf, or in the closet so everyone is on the same page. Gentle reminders are helpful for kids of all ages.

4) Put Pictures On the Outside of Each Bin or Container
This is especially helpful for younger kids who might get distracted while cleaning up or just simply forget where something goes. This tip is also helpful for parents for the same two reasons.

5) Do A Clothes Cleanse
Kids grow faster than we can believe it, and that means outgrowing clothes quickly as well. Instead of pushing the clothes that are too small to the bottom of the drawer or in the corner of the closet, donate it, garage sale it, or put that significant outfit in the memory box. If the knees in the pants are worn out, the shirt has a bad stain or two, or it’s just in bad shape, just do it – throw it away.

Personal Experience

Labels: 5 Tips for Keeping Your Kid's Bedroom Clean

7 Forgotten Ways to Get a Better Night Sleep

There are so many tips our there on how to get to sleep, or how to sleep better, most of these revolve around melatonin, Valerian root, and other natural sleep aids. While these are helpful and should remain part of your everyday sleep routine, there are a number of other, non supplement sleep remedies you should be following. Add these to your natural sleep aid routine and you will find yourself getting an even better night sleep.

Eating Your Way to A Good Night Sleep?

Most of you have probably heard that you should avoid eating a big meal before bed. In all actuality, if possible you should avoid eating anything within two hours of your bedtime. If you are the type of person who needs to eat a little something to make it through the night there are certain foods which have been shown to actually help you get a good night sleep (although it is still more recommended to not eat anything). If you decide to eat something eat one of the following: Bananas, dates, figs, milk, nut butter, turkey, tuna, whole grain crackers, or yogurt. These foods all have one thing in common, Tryptophan, which is a natural sleep aid. Half of a grapefruit is also supposed to be helpful.

Avoiding Stimulants

Caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine should all be avoided five to six hours before bed time. Many people believe that alcohol helps them sleep better and that smoking a cigarette is relaxing so it should help them sleep. The truth is, that while these stimulants do have a relaxing effect helping you initial sleep well they will ultimately disturb your natural sleep cycles. In the case of alcohol, you will be unable to drift into a deep sleep, instead staying in the lighter sleep cycles. Many individuals who rely on alcohol to sleep will experience excessive amounts of deep sleep when they stop drinking alcohol. This often leads to realistic nightmares. If your interested in how to sleep better and feel rested these stimulants are not the key. Without going through your full sleep cycle your body is not getting the right type of rest, you could sleep 8 hours and still feel tired. You might have figured out a good method for how to fall asleep but in the long run you are not getting a good night sleep and it will catch up with you.


Tyramine falls into the stimulant category, however it deserves its own section because of how unrecognized it is in preventing people from getting a good night sleep. Tyramine increases the release of a neurotransmitter known as nor epinephrine. Nor epinephrine is a brain stimulant. Putting two and two together, eating tyramine results in your brain being stimulated, the opposite of what you want when you are trying to sleep. Its like your asking your child to go to sleep five minutes from the front of a ride at Disneyland. You can tell your child it’s your bed time were gonna have to skip this one, you can reason, and think all you want, that child is going to wide awake and running to get on. Common foods that have Tyramine are: Sugar, sausage, spinach, wine, tomatoes, sauerkraut, potatoes, ham, eggplant, bacon, cheese, and chocolate. Avoid all of these foods at least 3-4 hours before bed time.

This Medication May Cause Drowsiness…. Or Not

Many medicines warn that they may cause drowsiness and in many cases they do. However, for some individuals these medications may have the opposite effect. Thus leaving the individual energized, shaky, and alert. In some instances the individual may feel sleepy but int fact their brain is highly stimulated, thus they would be unable to get a good night sleep even if they tried. There are many medications to stay away from the main two categories to watch out for are the nasal decongestants, and cold medicines.

How to Sleep Better By Forming New Habits

Habit forming is usually viewed at as a bad thing. Habit forming usually refers to addicting substances, illegal drugs, prescription drugs and so in. In the case of getting a night sleep most of us have developed a set of habits that are making it impossible for us to get a good night sleep. Our bodies have internal cycles, and regulating these cycles involves the formation of a wide range of habits. Maybe your habit is to watch TV right before bed. This confuses your brain because, throughout the rest of the day, watching TV is something you do for fun and pleasure and is not associated with sleep. Then later you watch TV before going to sleep. New habits need to be formed that help your body begin preparation for sleep. The following are some good habits to form to help you get your sleep cycle back on track and under control.

– Never stay in bed when you are not sleepy. The only time that you should be in bed is when it is time to sleep. This helps to form a connection in brain that the object bed, equals the action sleep. If you lay down and are not sleepy get up and go into a different room.

– Tying into the previous habit, only go to bed when you are sleepy. Any activities to help you wind down should be done before you get in bed.

– Stay out of your bedroom as much as possible. The bedroom should be used for sleep and sex. Reading, Television, and all other activities should stay out of the bedroom.

– Try to go to bed and wake up at the same time everyday. Just remember that sleeping in may feel good at the time but it is impossible to regain lost sleep. Even if you slept only 6 hours a night during the week sleeping 10 on Saturday will not help you catch up. Set an alarm and get up at a relatively regular time every day. This will help set your internal clock.

– Always sleep in a dark room

– Unless there is a medical reason for you to nap, don’t. If you regularly take a nap, and have to continue taking that nap never do so after 3pm.

– Exercise. You can’t expect to get a good night sleep if your body has not’t used the energy from the previous night sleep. Exercising early in the evening works good to tire your body out. Exercising can also give you a short boost of energy to make it through the rest of the day. The perfect formula involves exercising five or six hours before bed and then spending the rest of the day doing your nightly activities and winding down.

– Take a hot bath or shower

– Sleep in complete silence. If silence is a problem consider investing in a white noise machine. These machines play soothing sounds such as the ocean or rain drops. you can also trying running a small fan or an air purifier.

– Clear your mind. Now that you have tried that and heard that a million times here is a better solution. Instead of laying there worrying about how to get a good night sleep, or how tire you are going to be in the morning from not sleeping, try to replace those thoughts with positive ones. Try to picture a happy time or memory in your mind. Visualize where you were, who was there and what happened. Relive the moment. Of course having a clear mind is best, but, its almost impossible for some people (especially those type As out there) Aim for second best and keep those thoughts focused and positive.

For Those of you Who Snore

Try to sleep on your side, this generally lessens the severity of your snore, thus leading to a better night sleep. Also, make sure to clean your nasal passages as best possible prior to going to sleep. Try using nasal irrigation two times daily, once in the morning and once before bed time.

For Those of you Who Don’t

Even though you may not snore there is a still a chance your nasal passages could be blocked. Ensuring that you are getting a good flow of oxygen into your body will help you sleep better. I highly recommend the breathe right nasal strips to anyone that has difficulty getting a good night sleep. Even individuals who do not suffer from snoring report better breathing and sleep as a result of using the nose strips.

Labels: 7 Forgotten Ways to Get a Better Night Sleep

Acute Cystitis and Urinary Tract Infections in Dogs

Cystitis and urinary tract infections (UTI’s) in canines are no less uncomfortable for dogs than for humans, and as with humans, infections require prompt treatment. If you have not ever had the unpleasant experience of such an infection, one of the initial symptoms is a burning sensation during urination. Left untreated, the infection can spread into the remainder of the urinary tract, the bladder and even the kidneys, producing additional pain and potentially worse problems. Cystitis is caused by bacteria; as the bacteria multiply, the symptoms become more pronounced.

Unlike humans, dogs do not have the capacity to say “Yow! My privates burn when I go potty!” Often, dog owners first realize there is a problem when the dog whines in discomfort, starts to urinate but stops suddenly, and tries to urinate frequently with very little output. Sometimes this affects the dog’s “housebroken” status; the dog goes outside, may try to urinate, stops when the pain starts, and then comes back in, with the bladder still nearly full. If the dog then drinks more water, it is quite possible the dog will not make it outside in time – especially if the owner’s initial response is “What? You just came in from outside! I’m not getting up every ten minutes to let you go in or out. You can wait until the next commercial.”

Sooner or later, however, the owner realizes something is wrong, glances down as the dog is urinating, and notices that the urine seems abnormally dark. This darkening effect of the urine is a result of the bacteria and/or the blood in the urine. As cystitis generally begins towards the exit point of the urine and works its way further up the urinary system, into the bladder and then the kidneys, the amount of blood often reflects the severity of the infection. The darker the urine is, the worse the infection is.

Female dogs are more likely to be affected by cystitis than male dogs, which is unfortunate – female dogs instinctively squat when urinating, making it more difficult for the owner to see the urine stream. The causes of cystitis vary, just as it does in humans. Possible causes of cystitis include a variety of bladder and kidney diseases; bladder and kidney stones; Cushings’ disease; adverse effects of some medications; and withholding or backing up of urine, such as might be caused when the urethra is too narrow or when a dog has neurological problems affecting the urinary process. Dogs with compromised immune systems, as well as those on certain types of antibiotics, are at a greater risk to develop cystitis.

If you suspect your dog has, or is developing, a cystitis infection, it is important to contact your veterinarian as soon as possible. Your veterinarian will be able to examine your dog to determine if a cystitis infection is present. Some veterinarians may ask you to try to collect an untouched sample of your dog’s urine by catching it in a sterile plastic cup as the dog squats. This can be difficult to achieve, as some dogs will immediately stop urinating as soon as you try to place the cup to catch the urine. Other veterinarians may opt to collect a clean urine sample by other means, such as by catheterization or by cystocentesis. As with any medical procedure, there are always some risks involved, so be sure to ask your veterinarian about his or her preferred collection method.

With a clean urine sample, your veterinarian (or the lab your veterinarian’s office uses) may “culture” the sample, in an effort to determine which particular bacterial strain is causing the cystitis. Knowing the particular strain will allow your veterinarian to choose the most appropriate antibiotic. It is absolutely critical to follow the veterinarian’s prescribed dosing regimen and to complete the entire prescription.

Often, the most obvious symptoms will be alleviated relatively quickly during the early phase of a course of antibiotics, but some of the bacteria remain. Stopping the antibiotics before scheduled will allow the remaining bacteria to multiply again, causing another round of cystitis. It is also helpful to ensure that your dog always has easy access to plenty of clean, fresh water, to encourage the dog in urinating. Take your dog out often, so that bacteria in the urinary system are flushed out more frequently.

Labels: Acute Cystitis and Urinary Tract Infections in Dogs

Advantages and Disadvantages of RV Living: Part 1

This is part one of a two part article where I will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of living in a RV or camper trailer. It may seem humorous at times but these are all real issues that one must take into consideration before making the decision of whether or not to convert to this mode of living.

The lot rent is very inexpensive considering that usually all of your utilities are included. These include electricity, water, garbage disposal and sometimes even cable TV and Internet services.

If you elect to live in a RV park the amenities alone are worth the move. These sometimes include a swimming pool, laundry, and game rooms. Some parks have weekly or monthly activities such as movie nights or pot luck dinners.

When you live in a park there are no outside chores to do. No lawn to cut. If the wind should blow down a tree or tree limb the park cleans up the mess. Oops a dog got into the trash…park managers job. Essentially the only upkeep you must maintain is the home itself.

If you get tired of living in one spot or you just don’t like the neighbors you just crank up and move on or in the case of a camper, back your truck up, hook on and take off.

There no taxes to pay like when you own property.

No long commute to work, just find a lot or park close by your job and set up the RV.

The home is too small for needy relatives that need a place to stay for a short time to even consider asking you to help them out.

During the hot summer months the small space is easy to keep cool. The same goes for in the winter, it is easy to keep warm

Clean up is a breeze. Small space not a lot to clean.

No large family and friend gatherings during the holiday season, where you do all the cooking, all the entertaining and then all the clean up. There just isn’t enough space. You get invited to their house to celebrate. They get to do all the work for a change!

I am sure there are many, many more advantages to living in a RV or camper trailer. I am just skimming the surface. At least these few will give you some things to consider. You must think very carefully however, as this life is not for everyone.

Labels: Advantages and Disadvantages of RV Living: Part 1

5 Places Travelers Will Enjoy Exploring Solo

Traveling is fun and full of exciting adventures. Many people enjoy traveling with friends and family. However, there is no shame in traveling solo. In fact, traveling alone can be more fun than traveling with someone. This is because there is a freedom in planning a trip all alone. Also, there is freedom in seeing what you want to see when you want to see it. There are many exciting places to travel alone; however, here are five travel destinations that people will flock to solo.

Australia is a friendly international location. Australians are super nice. In addition, Australia is a country that is rich in culture. I have dreamed of visiting The Great Barrier Reef to go diving. In addition, I love theater; therefore,want to visit the Sydney Opera House. Moreover, I would like to see a koala bear and a kangaroo. Moreover, I would like to eat many barbecued shrimp. I have been painted many scenes from Australia because it is my dream international trip. In short, if you travel in Australia alone then, you will have many good days there.

A trip to Ireland will keep eyes smiling. The Irish are also super friendly. I would like to eat corn beef and cabbage. I also like shortbread cookies and potatoes. Solo visitors to Ireland can sample Guinness and Guinness ice cream. There is also a shortbread cookie ice cream. Writers and readers will enjoy both the Dublin Writers Museum and a walking Irish literary tour that celebrates James Joyce and Frank McCourt. James Joyce wrote Finnegan’s Rainbow and Frank McCourt wrote Angela’s Ashes.

Visiting Iceland solo will not leave you cold. What do you think of when thinking about Iceland. It isn’t likely that you think if romance and Iceland in the same breath. However, Iceland is romantic. The premiere attraction there is the Blue Lagoon Spa. It has snow capped lava rocks and is known for its healing properties. The sixth season of the Bachelorette was partly filmed in Iceland. Therefore, it seems like a cool place to travel alone.

Arizona is a Southwestern wonderland. This state is well-known for its breathtaking landscapes and Native American art. The spas in Arizona are relaxing too. Traveling alone is ideal for relaxing.

Amsterdam is a charming solo travel destination. This location has history and and culture in spades. If you want to celebrate a regal birthday then, go to Queen’s Day. Solo travelers can also visit glide down many canal in a boat. Visitors who enjoy history can see the Anne Frank House. In addition, visitors can also visit a sex museum in Amsterdam. This location is also known for cheese, windmills, tulips, and chocolate.

Traveling is a great hobby. Many people enjoy traveling with their family and friends. However, traveling solo is also an adventure. Traveling alone can give people freedom. Australia and Arizona are two places that are friendly to the solo traveler.


Labels: 5 Places Travelers Will Enjoy Exploring Solo

Applying Common Sense to Financial Statements - Part 1

Financial statements are basically summaries of income, assets and liabilities of a company presented in difficult accounting jargon. A lay investor finds understanding the statements quite taxing and feels uncomfortable. The two-part series, “Applying common sense to financial statements” will address the uneasiness of such lay investors by telling them how to understand financial statements. But, before we jump into the financials themselves, here are nine guidelines on how to build a basic psychological grounding in order to handle the understanding the financial statements:

1. Don’t close the report: When you make the effort to read a company report and do not understand, you may feel discouraged to read further. You may draw blank and close the report. The mantra is: Don’t close the report. Instead, take a pause and get back. If you still find it difficult, distract yourself with other tasks and then get back to it.
2. Begin from the beginning: Begin reading the director’s report of the company. He will discuss the company highlights including performance and financials, company operations and future insight. The report will give you a feel for the company and its industry.
3. Take a quick glance: If figures give you jitters, simply take a glance at the financial statements. Net income will be recorded in bold font. If you see it as a positive figure, it is a positive year for the company. If the figure is in brackets, it is a negative and unhealthy sign. It is possible, at this stage that you may be able to correlate some figures in the director’s report to the financial statements. If you feel confident about proceeding further, it is better to get some basic understanding of the financial statements.
4. Do a bit of homework: Every company is part of an industry. Research on the industry, the company belongs to. Some industries are capital-intensive. Their gestation period may be longer. They need huge capital to build the infrastructure required for the company. Their break-even may take longer. Some industries survive only on equity. Their debts are nil. Outline the economic growth of the country in which the company exists.
5. Research statistics and strategy: It will be interesting to know the competitors of the company, if not in detail, at least the names. You can find out the size of the company and its market share. The more the competitors, the lesser the market share and revenues. Explore its products/services, customers and suppliers. The company will have a USP (unique selling proposition) to score over its competitors. Find it. Explore its brand power and positioning.
6. Learn basic financial terms and their applications: Understand the difference between the two major financing: Equity and Debt. Know their rates of return. Learn the basic ideology behind accounting; that is, the dual accounting and how dual transactions get reflected in the balance sheet.
7. Read the accounting assumptions: Every company will have its accounting policies and assumptions. These will be found in the notes to the financial statements.
8. Ask: If you feel that you do not understand its financials, do not hesitate to ask. As an investor/stockholder, you are entitled to explanations. Make a phone call or email or write to the investor relations department of the company.
9. Analyze: Now that you have a grasp of the basics of the company, ask questions about its past and present performance, growth and expansion. Analyze its future prospects. How is the company going to secure and grow in future? Is product development or diversification or acquisition its strategy? How will it beat competition?

When you have recorded sufficient background information, you may now want to take a peek into the financial statements, particularly the balance sheet of a company. In the second part of the topic, the balance sheet will be discussed in detail.

Labels: Applying Common Sense to Financial Statements - Part 1

A Yom Kippur Memory: Food and Drink for Thought, Not Consumption

Holidays are great times for friends, family, and reflection. The holiday in which reflection comes to the forefront for me is the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur. Yom Kippur is a day that deals with forgiveness and cleansing yourself. In addition, Yom Kippur is a day of fasting. I started fasting when I was twelve years old and because of more than 20 years of fasting and forgiveness, I have many meaningful memories of Yom Kippur. Most of my memories of Yom Kippur involve trying to fast until sundown.

It is essential to understand that that fasting on Yom Kippur involves no eating and drinking anything from sundown until sundown. When I was little, I couldn’t fully comprehend Yom Kippur because I believed that Yom Kippur went against all other Jewish holidays which involved, to my utter delight eating many different types of food to my heart’s content. However, as I grew up, I realized the importance of Yom Kippur. I used to joke with my family that fasting for Yom Kippur prepares us to eat for other Jewish holidays such as Passover when eating food is a part of the holiday.

My memories of Yom Kippur have always revolved around the tough task of fasting. I would always tell my friends that I would have to fast on Yom Kippur and they would feel sorry for me. They would also be thankful that they didn’t have to fast. My friends would always give me tips for fasting from sundown until sundown. Jenny would tell me to eat as much as I could the night before fasting so that I wouldn’t feel hunger or thirsty until the next night when I could eat and drink again. I tried it and I backfired badly; instead of feeling full and well hydrated, I felt the need to eat the entire contents of the refrigerator and to drink about twelve glasses of water and lemon juice before noon. Luckily, I had enough willpower to make it through the fast.

Another Yom Kippur memory involved a funny misunderstanding. Passover and Hanukkah last for eight days. Therefore, my friend, Leslie thought that Yom Kippur lasted for eight days too. She was afraid that I couldn’t eat or drink for eight days. I reassured her that Yom Kippur only lasted for one day. I also have the Yom Kippur memory of both Leslie and Jenny eating and drinking a bit more on Yom Kippur for me. Every memory of Yom Kippur is very special and meaningful; Happy Yom Kippur. Source: None

Labels: A Yom Kippur Memory: Food and Drink for Thought, Not Consumption

An Overview of Goldfish Care

Here we go with an article on probably the most abused pet in the United States – the goldfish. You know you’ve seen these poor creatures being given as prizes at carnivals, given to little children at their birthdays in itty-bitty bowls as a “throwaway pet”, and bought on a whim by young and old because “it would be cool to have a fish”. The first thing I would like to stress is that fish should never be bought on a whim; that’s like adopting a puppy because it sounds like fun, but then locking it in a cage and throwing it food that may or may not be appropriate and letting it waste away in its own filth with no space to grow to adulthood. Not a very pretty picture, is it?

Now the alternative. If you decide you would like to buy a fish and are willing to take the time and effort to research your new pet and make sure it has the proper setup, then you’ll probably have a very rewarding fish-keeping experience and a pretty cool pet.

Did you know?

What you hear about goldfish growing to the size of their environment is a particularly nasty myth. Yes, it’s true goldies secrete a growth hormone that, when concentrated enough, will cause them to stop growing – but by that point they’re already too big for their environment. If their growth is stunted long before they reach full size, then their life span will also be stunted.

A goldfish’s stomach is about twice the size of a non-carnivorous tropical fish of a like size. This means they require stronger filtration, more swim space, and more partial water changes.

Finally, something positive…a goldfish, if properly cared for and not stunted, can live up to 30 years (possibly longer, though some major advances in fish keeping are not thirty years old yet, so it remains to be seen how long they can live now) and does not reach maturity until two or three years old.

If you have a pond, the goldfish in it should not be fed when the water is under 50 degrees Fahrenheit. At this point the fish’s metabolism has slowed to a state of hibernation and food eaten at this point has a high likelihood of rotting in the fish’s gut. As long as the goldfish does not freeze solid in said pond, they will survive the cold weather. This goes for single-tailed varieties such as comets, commons, or shubunkins. Most round-bodied, double-tailed goldfish should never be kept in water colder than 60 degrees Fahrenheit.

What to know before you buy

Obviously it’s very important, first and foremost, to be sure you have the proper size of tank. Comets and other single-tailed goldies are almost always purchased as babies in the stores so you have to know what you’re getting into – they don’t stay small!

An average comet will reach 12″-16″ in length. Some will stop around 8″, but it’s not common and can denote a genetic defect that may or may not affect the life span of your fish. If you have a pond, plan for one fish for every 20-30 gallons of water. In a tank you have to plan 30 gallons per fish, but also plan for a tank that is at least twice as wide as the fish is long and preferably four times the fish’s length. For example, if you have a 12″ fish you’ll want a tank at least 2’x4′. Since you probably will not know the grown size of your fish (many are sold between 2″ and 4″) always plan on the large side. Planning for a foot-long fish is usually sufficient.

Fancy goldfish mature to smaller sizes, generally around 8″, and so require less space. Ryukins, ranchu, lionheads and other such fancies must have no less than 10G each, though ideally they should have 15G-20G each. Some species of fancies, such as orandas, may get exceptionally larger.

I can already hear people saying, “Well why go to all this trouble? They die so easy anyway.” This statement is simply not true. While comets may not be as hardy as their common cousins, their health problems often involve fin problems caused by bad water quality. This puts single-tailed goldfish at approximately the hardiest fish in the fish-keeping industry. There are a very few that may die from stress during shipping or internal parasites that don’t get treated in time, but the vast majority die from an improperly-cycled tank.

When you cycle a tank you are growing the bacteria that will break down the ammonia from the fish’s waste (which is highly toxic and will dissolve a fish’s slime coat, burn its eyes, and subject it to a very painful death in an improperly-cycled tank) into less toxic nitrite, and that into even less-toxic nitrate. The nitrates must be removed every now and then through partial water changes, but we’ll get into that later. There are many methods for cycling and I personally write off everything that involves using fish to do it, this is both unnecessary and inhumane and often results in more “throwaway fish” which are, more often than not, goldfish. My personal preference involves setting up the entire tank with filtration, then putting a small pinch of fish food in every day for about two weeks. Do a partial water change and test the water…if there is no ammonia and minimal nitrite, you can now add your fish, just bear in mind that you are only partially-cycled at this point. The nitrite must be watched closely and partial water changes done to keep it within an acceptable level until it, too, disappears. There are plenty of online sources that will help you through the cycling process.

Since goldfish have quite a lot of waste, the filtration has to be up to the task of keeping up with it. The general rule of thumb is to have enough filtration to turn over all the water in the aquarium ten times per hour (in a 55-gallon tank you’ll want a filter rated at 550 gallons per hour) or approximately double the filtration you’d have on most tropical fish tanks.

Feeding is another important thing to research before purchase. That’s right, you can’t just throw your goldfish some flake and assume that’s all they need. In fact, most of the flakes sold on the shelves are nutritionally deficient and all fish should be fed a variety for full health anyway. If you’re serious about your fish’s health, I personally recommend the food sold by The Goldfish Connection. While it may seem more expensive up-front (and it is a little), it is better than the competition by leaps and bounds and you wouldn’t believe how much the fish attack that stuff. I feed my own goldfish alternating meals of Pro-Gold and Salad Supreme
along with live food (grindal worms, brine shrimp, and mosquito larvae are some of the best-received and most readily available live foods). I also keep some Medi-Gold on hand for all new arrivals because internal parasites are fairly common in some pet store fish and cannot be eradicated by medication in the water. If this medicated food is kept sealed up it will last quite a long time. If you’re still planning on store-bought food, I strongly recommend a sinking pellet coupled with live food and some sort of algae wafer.

Finally! Time to buy the fish!

You have your properly-sized tank set up and cycled, you have read up on proper feeding and have some of the food you’ve chosen on-hand for your fish, as well as read up on the life spans and requirements of your fish to choose the best one for your lifestyle and preferences, and it’s time to buy!

For the sake of this article we’re going to assume that you’ve decided to buy a goldfish. These fish are large so they’re easy to see, they have much more individual personalities than a schooling fish, have a long lifetime so you can really get attached to your fish, are extremely hardy, and require no heater since they are coldwater fish.

The dinky little fish you likely have to choose from will probably make you wonder why you’ve purchased such a gargantuan tank. Just remember that that little critter will be growing at an alarming rate and could reach its full size within six months of purchase with the correct feeding and routine water changes.

If you want a fish with a long, flowing tail then look for a fish with a tail that’s at least as long as its body, doesn’t have any major chinks or bites and that just looks good with its body. Next, look over the entire fish. You’re watching for cloudy or popped-out eyes, pineconed scales, white specks, or anything else that could suggest disease. If your fish had any bites on it, it’s up to you whether to buy it or not. I generally look for any redness in or around the bite that might suggest infection and then make a decision on the fish based on my findings.

Some people also like to look for an outgoing fish, one that will follow their finger or come up for a friendly nibble during cleaning or feeding – just be aware that these can often be aggressive to smaller fish as well. It is recommended that goldfish of all kinds be bought and kept in pairs since they are sociable animals, but it’s understandable that this can be difficult to do because of their size requirements (generally a 55G tank makes a great home for a pair of comets, 30G a home for a pair of ryukins).

When you’ve made your selection hurry home with it as fast as you can, keeping the fish out of direct sunlight or sudden temperature changes (bitter winter weather is a good example) then float the fish in its bag for about a half-hour before releasing it into the water.

Congratulations on your new pet!

Keeping up an aquarium is actually pretty easy. While the fish is growing you’ll probably have to test the water often, or just do routine water changes whether it’s needed or not, because the ammonia output of that fish is going to be changing radically until he’s full-grown. Most sources suggest a partial water change when your nitrate tests at 40ppm or above (ammonia and nitrite should be 0 when the tank is fully cycled), I personally do water changes at 20ppm. Tests can be purchased as strips or drops, drops are generally more accurate but strips are close enough for hardier fish such as goldfish.

Alternatively, if you have a pond that is not overstocked you may never have to do water changes. Ponds often grow enough algae to use up all the nitrates. Do regular tests for a while to figure out if changes are needed or not. Note that the minerals in the water are partially replaced by re-filling after water has evaporated or blown out of the pond.


Goldfish are one of my very favorite fish for their longevity and personalities as well as their unique appearances and ease of care…not to mention I love big fish.

When cared for properly, a goldfish can be one of the most rewarding pets you’ll ever own and once you have a set routine for its care it’s exceedingly easy to keep in top health – but even while starting up it’s still less work than, say, cleaning a litter box. There are many tools that can help with care of your fish. My favorite and most indispensable is the Python No Spill Clean and Fill unit (available at most pet stores and online) that makes partial water changes easy.

Healthy goldfish are quite striking with their gorgeous flowing fins and vibrant colors. If cared for correctly, this fish will give you many years of enjoyment, both in simply viewing it and in the sense of accomplishment you’ll get for being one less person to abuse these gorgeous animals.

Labels: An Overview of Goldfish Care

A Guide to Deductible and Non-taxable Expenses for Small Businesses

The first rule that all small business owners should abide by is to always pay their taxes. The IRS is very strict, and tax evasion is prosecutable by law. However, there are still ways through which businesses can get as many deductions as possible. A tax deduction is an amount that is not taxed because it is a necessary and ordinary business expense. Knowing these deductible expenses can help a business owner to reduce the amount of taxes that they pay to the government. The following is an outline of deductible expenses that small business owners can take advantage of.

Personal and business expenses

Generally, personal expenses are not deductible expenses. However, business expenses should be deducted and they are not taxed. In case of situations where a personal property is also a business property, the IRS will divide the expenses between personal and business properties. The business owner can deduct the business expense.

If you use your home as your business office, you can deduct some of the expenses. However, the home office has to be used exclusively for business purposes and for nothing else. It should be used regularly for your business, and it should be the principal office. This means that the office must be the place where clients or patients are met. It could also be a separate structure in the home that is used in the business.

Bad debt

A bad debt is an amount that is owed and that cannot be collected. There are non-business bad debts as well as business bad debts. Business bad debts can be deducted from the expenses when filing taxes for the business. The bad debt could have been incurred in the business or for a business reason.

Employee’s pay

Employees pay can be deducted from the taxes as a business expense. This payment may be in the form of services, property or cash. In order for this payment to be deductible, it must be necessary and ordinary. It must also have been paid during the current tax year. It must be a reasonable payment, and it must be reimbursement for services performed. However, small business owners are not allowed to deduct their own salaries. This is because a sole proprietor is not considered an employee in their business.


There are certain types of premiums that are related to the business that can be deducted as expenses. Example of premiums include theft, food or fire insurance premiums, credit insurance, group medical insurance for employees, liability insurance, workers’ compensation insurance, malpractice insurance and business interruption insurance.


There are certain taxes that are part of the business expenses that can be deducted from the business taxes. Examples of paid taxes that are related to the business include employment tax, income tax, personal property tax, self-employment tax, fuel tax, excise tax and sales tax.

Other expenses that can be deducted from the business taxes include bank fees, advertising, donation to business organizations, interview expenses, utilities, supplies and materials, license and regulation fees and penalties and fines. A small business owner should be familiar with all of these deductions so that they can know how much they owe the IRS every year.

Labels: A Guide to Deductible and Non-taxable Expenses for Small Businesses

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