Sunday, March 12, 2017

Alice Walker and Everyday Use: Meanings of "Wangero, Wa-su-zo-Tean-o, Leewanika, Kemanjo"

The central character in Alice Walker’s “Everyday Use,” the beautiful Dee Johnson, breaks away from her Deep Southern American roots to become the heavily educated, urbanized, modernized young woman who despises her cultural setting. She later visits her bucolic dirty southern family of her mother Mama Johnson and unattractive scruffy and scarred sister Maggie. Dee signifies her transformation after stepping out of the car, by uttering to the two, “Wa-su-zo-Tean-o,” and declaring that her new name is African: Wangero Leewanika Kemanjo. Debate and dissection continues about the inspiration and significance behind these African terms in Walker’s famous short story.

“Wa-su-zo-Tean-o,” is pre-noon daytime Luganda language greeting used by the Baganda of Uganda. It directly means, “How did you sleep?” but is a way of saying “Good morning” or “I hope you slept well.” The correct wording is, “Wasuze otya nno?” But how would this greeting phrase that is so specific to a Ugandan ethnic group end up in one of Walker’s most memorable works? It is worthy to note that Walker an excellent full-scholarship student at prestigious Spellman College in Atlanta (Georgia), transferred to distinguished Sarah Lawrence College in Bronxville (New York) in 1963. Some of the reasons cited for her transferring are that Spellman was too conservative and puritanical for her liking.

Walker’s roommate and dear friend at Spellman College, which she left in 1963 for Sarah Lawrence, happened to be a Ugandan named Constance. In 1964, after her junior year, Walker traveled to Uganda as a summer exchange student. Interviewed by Amy Goodman during the Organization of Women Writers of Africa conference at New York University in 2004, Alice Walker recounts about her Ugandan roommate as well as her painful journey to discovering her great-great-grandmother’s grave:

“So, I went back to pay my respects and to take flowers, …I was lucky enough to be able to get my Ugandan roommate–when I was at Spellman my roommate was this wonderful woman from Uganda who made me care deeply about Africans and African women. In fact I went to Uganda trying to understand how Constance had been created and produced by this country which before Idi Amin was very beautiful, very tranquil and green. So anyway Constance and I and my entire women’s council–I belonged to a women’s council–went to visit this grave. We sat there–my Constance from Uganda, my friend Belvee from–I mean, so many of us with so many histories that are so painful. Belvee’s mother had been actually beaten to death. So, we had a long time of crying there. We watered those graves with our tears. We were happy to do it.”

Further, there is a small place in Uganda that happens to be uniquely named Wangero. The root word “ngero’ means “stories” or “proverbs.” Wangero can hence mean, “the place of stories” or “the person of stories.” Local Ugandan friends may have given Walker the nickname “Wangero” or alluded to it, or Walker may have picked it out from the people of the first area he visited in Africa. Alice Walker, from early in her life, has certainly been a person of “many stories.” Some, like Helga Hoel (a Norwegian scholar on Kenya literature), have speculated that “Wangero” is a mispronunciation and misspelling of the common Kenyan Kikuyu name Wanjiru. That theory does not hold water—the two have distinctly different spellings, the Kikuyu live hundreds of miles away east of Buganda, and the “Wa-” prefix is quite common in many personal names of east and central Africa.

The Leewanika is apparently a misspelling or an Alice Walker variant of the name Lewanika who was a powerful king in a region (Barotse Land) of present day Zambia. Under Lewanika, the region became a British Protectorate after colonial enforcement negotiations with Cecil Rhodes. In African terms, the “Le” in Lewanika is pronounced “leh” rather than “liih.”

The name Kemanjo is apparently of African structure, but it is hard to prove that it is an African name. Helga Hoel speculates that it is a misspelling of the Kenyan Kikuyu name “Kamenjo” (White: 2001).


Goodman, Amy. “Alice Walker on the ‘Toxic Culture” of Globalization,” in Democracy Now!—The War and Peace Report. 2004.

Hoel, Helga. “Personal Names and Heritage: Alice Walker’s ‘Everyday Use’.” 2000. Trondheim Cathedral School, Trondheim, Norway. 30 Jan. 2000.

White, David. “‘Everyday Use’: Defining African-American Heritage,” Portals–Purdue North Central Literary Journal, 2001.

Labels: Alice Walker and Everyday Use: Meanings of "Wangero, Wa-su-zo-Tean-o, Leewanika, Kemanjo"

Ancient Rama Empire of India

It was 1856 when a group of English engineers in then British-dominated India were confronted with an incredible discovery.

They had been seeking hard-to-find rocks to place under the railroad they were constructing and asked the locals for advice where to go. The natives had no problem with the answer. They claimed there were many fine bricks in an ancient deserted town nearby a place they called Mohenjo-Daro’ (translated it’s Mound of the Dead).

The British, ever skeptical of local assuredness and confident they knew India better than anybody who had lived their for several millennia, consulted their maps. The British found no such placed marked Mohenjo-Daro. Fortunately, they checked it out anyway and discovered a whole lost city in the ruins under the dust.

Because of the reluctance of Western historians and society to accept the facts that were being dug up, it was not until 1920 that Mohenjo-Daro was established as part of the seven great Rishi (Sanskrit for Master) cities of the ancient Rama Empire of the Indus Valley of Ancient India.

It took until the 1980’s for this new find to get even the scarcest of mentions in a few history and encyclopedia books.

According to ancient Sanskrit texts like the Ramayana and Mahabahrata, the Rama Empire thrived thousands of years before the English believed a civilization even existed in the area. Current texts admit that this great civilization ended somewhere between 2,500 and 4,500 B.C. When did it all begin? Some Sanskrit scholars would say the Rama Empire thrived around 10-15,000 B.C. and that only remnants survived the great war that their history recorded.

Western archeologists have long insisted that the tales of a technologically advanced civilization were merely figments of some over-imaginative Indian writer, but they will admit to being puzzled at the findings at Mohenjo-Daro and other Rishi cities.

The cities were highly developed with a great degree of pre-planning in streets, covered sewage systems, private toilets, running water to homes, remarkable plumbing and homes constructed of kiln-fired brick. This is more sophisticated than many of the cities in India, Pakistan and Asia today.

What is so special bout kiln-fired brick? According to Jay Carrigan, the former VP of Alton Brick of Illinois, “It requires 1,700-1,900 degrees of heat to bake the bricks. Currently the ceramic lining is used inside the ovens and the oven needs to withstand temperatures of 2,500 to 3,000 degrees”.

In spite of the evidence, many experts say they could not have manufactured kiln-fired bricks as they did not have the technology to do so.

What is even more baffling is how the ancient Sanskrit texts say this civilization ended.

According to the texts a great war erupted between the Rama Empire and a more militaristic group called the Atlans. The Asvin Priest Kings of the Rama Empire were forced to use their mental-psychic powers to create a defensive illusion. While this tactic was successful at first, the Atlans persisted and returned with their ultimate weapon. This weapon is described as Kapillas Glance in both the Mahabaharata and Drona Parva. It was described, “A single projectile, charged with all the power of the universe. An incandescent column of smoke and flame as bright as the thousand suns rose in all its splendor. It was an unknown weapon, an iron thunderbolt, a gigantic messenger of death which reduced the entire race of the Vrishnis and Andhakas to ashes. The corpses were so burned as to be unrecognizable. The hair and the nails fell out. Pottery broke without apparent cause and the birds turned white. After a few hours all the foodstuffs were infected. To escape from this fire, the soldiers threw themselves in streams to wash themselves and their equipment.”.

Possibly a nuclear detonation over 14,000 years ago?

Within the remains of Mohenjo-Daro there is evidence to back up the Sanskrit texts. Beginning in the 1950’s thousands of black lumps and stones in these cities were examined and found to be vitrified. This process is only possible with heat well in excess of natural means. Also, skeletal remains examined by soviet scientists found radioactivity levels 50 times that which is considered normal.

Robert Oppenheimer, regarded as the “father of the atomic bomb” was aksed after the first detonation at Alamogardo if that was the first atomic bomb ever to be detonated? Oppenheimer, who was known to be familiar with Sanskrit writings, replied “Well, yes in modern history.”

Are there more surprises from out ancient history, you beat. Keep your eyes peeled to this writer as a review of an incredible new discovery in Egypt will be revealed later.

Labels: Ancient Rama Empire of India

Adult Onset Spinal Muscular Atrophy (Type IV)

Solving a Mystery

My mother has noticed a gradual decline in the strength of her legs and arms since her late thirties. Over time she has found herself fumbling more often and her head began strangely pulling to one side. As her left knee weakened and her head pulled farther, she and her doctor searched for a cause. They attributed the changes to side effects from medication. Despite the doctor’s careful adjustments to her prescriptions, nothing seemed to help. Then one day Mom learned about adult onset Spinal Muscular Atrophy.

Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type IV (SMA-4) is a little-known adulthood neuromascular disease. Symptoms of SMA-4 include muscle weakness, trembling, twitching and pulling as affected muscles lose strength. Often the disease affects paired muscles asymmetrically; this is why one of my mother’s knees is affected but not the other, and why her head pulls to one side. Most patients with SMA-4 experience muscle trembling and twitching. In some cases people may at times have difficulty swallowing or speaking clearly.

The onset of SMA-4 generally occurs after the age of 35 although it can start earlier. It affects an estimated 1,012 people in the United States (NHS direct, CIA World Factbook). Not all people with adult-onset SMA have Type IV. There are several extremely rare forms of SMA that also afflict adults. (Patient UK). Muscle weakness may intensify in pregnant woman with disease (

There is no cure for SMA-4. Progress of the disease is slow and adults afflicted with it can expect to live a normal life span. Doctors may recommend daily exercise or physical therapy to condition the muscles to slow the disease’s progress ( ). Patients should consume a healthy diet to ensure they are supplying their bodies with all the nutrients their muscles need to stay as strong as possible for as long as possible.

SMA-4: Mild Compared to Childhood Diseases SMA 1-3

SMA-4 is mild in comparison to SMA-1, SMA-2 and SMA-3. Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type I (SMA-1) kills more children before the age of 2 than any other genetic disease (fightSMA). Sadly, the disease affects more than 50,000 children in the United States (Genetics Home Reference, CIA World Factbook). SMA-1 is characterized by muscle weakness resulting in an inability to lift the head or suck and swallow adequatley and affects respiratory function. Children with SMA-2 usually learn to sit up unsupported but may always have some muscular weaknesses and deformities. The expected lifespan of an SMA-2 sufferer is around age 25. SMA-3 patients have less difficulties and normal life expectancies, but the disease progresses overtime. SMA-3 interferes with their ability to move normally or perform tasks such as climbing stairs. Difficulty with movement, chewing and swallowing are characteristic of Types I through III (Patient UK).

There is good news for children with SMA: Wikipedia provides a list of inspiring adults with SMA 1-3 who have far outlived their predicted life expectancies. Additionally, while their muscles may be weak their brains are not: According to researchers, SMA sufferers (SMA-4 included) are generally very intelligent and possess above-average IQs (eMedicine).

SMA and Genetics

All forms of SMA, also known as Progressive Muscular Atrophy, are hereditary. It is well established that Types I to III are caused by an autosomal recessive gene inherited from both parents. There is some dispute among sources as to the exact cause of SMA-4. According to Dr. Robert T. Leshner of Children’s National Medical Center, “adult SMA is not a single disease. Different forms of genetic transmission have been documented in different families with SMA TYPE IV” (fightSMA). SMA-4 can be inherited from only one parent, or it may be caused by a nonhereditary mutation within a particular gene (Patient UK).

My Mom: Living with Adult-Onset SMA

Knowing the cause of her muscular difficulties has freed my mother to work with her body’s new quirks without trying to hide them. The primary visible symptom of her SMA-4 is her head’s tendency to turn hard to the side. The pull is now so strong that it can interfere with her ability to walk. She is no longer embarrassed to use a cane to help balance her body against the uncooperative pull of her muscles. Mom has also found that if she loses sleep, does not eat right or misses her medication for other ailments, her SMA symptoms are exaggerated. Yet by maintaining all aspects of her health (including exercise and good nutrition) SMA-4 is reduced to a manageable annoyance that does not impede her ability to enjoy life and get things done.


Bryan Tsao, MD, “Spinal Muscular Atrophy”. eMedicine.

“Fight Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)”. fightSMA.

Rita Putatunda, “Spinal Muscular Atrophy – SMA.”

“Spinal Muscular Atrophy.” NHS Direct.

“Spinal Muscular Atrophy.” Patient UK.

U.S. National Library of Medicine, “Spinal Muscular Atrophy.” Genetics Home Reference.

“The World Factbook: United States.” CIA – The World Factbook.

University of California Davis, “Spinal Muscular Atrophy type IV (SMA-4)”.

Labels: Adult Onset Spinal Muscular Atrophy (Type IV)

A Review of Boutin's Cajun Restaurant in Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Boutin’s is one of Baton Rouge’s better cajun restaurants. Not only do they serve cajun food, but you can get in on some authentic cajun music and dancing each evening at Boutin’s

The Restaurant

Arriving at Boutin’s, you will see a rustic looking building made of natural cypress which is unpainted. There are walkways and ramps that are handicapped accessible that go up to the restaurant, a walk around porch and a patio on the rear of the building where you can look out on the natural swamp located behind the building. It’s a very fitting setting for a cajun restaurant!

Inside the decor is just as fitting. The tables are all covered with bleached white tablecloths and look very nice and crisp in this unique setting. The walls inside are also in a natural form and you will find various “cajun” artifacts decorating the walls along with a few things that you would see in a seafood restaurant like netting on the wall with a crab or starfish inside.

The service is simply wonderful at Boutin’s, no matter if you go during the lunch hour or dinner hours. The servers are all very knowledgeable about the menu and take extra care with first-timers to make sure they understand what they are ordering, especially if they are visiting from another state or area.

The food is exceptional at Boutin’s. If you are in the mood for authentic cajun food or seafood, you won’t be disappointed. They offer an extensive menu of seafood dishes all prepared in an authentic cajun style. Some of the items on the menu are classic seafood gumbo, crawfish tasso alfredo, barbeque shrimp, jambalaya, catfish “rouge”, catfish “boutin”, corn chow. They also serve deep fried seafood, broiled seafood and steaks.

Boutin’s welcomes tour groups, and private parties. They have a large parking lot that will accommodate buses too. They also have banquet facilities available.

My Thoughts On Boutin’s

The atmosphere here at Boutin’s makes this a special place to dine. You feel right at home and the food is always great. During the dinner hours, you will be entertained with live local authentic cajun music and part of the dining room is turned into a dance floor. Feel free to jump right up and learn a cajun dance or two, or just sit back and watch the crowd. The bands typically play Monday through Saturday nights from 7-9 pm, except for Friday and Saturday nights when the time is extended until 10 pm.

I’ve told you that the food is exceptional here. I always have a problem deciding what to order because everything is good here and it is a hard decision to make. The seafood platter is huge and comes with stuffed crab, fried crawfish, golden fried butterfly shrimp, fried catfish, fried oysters, fried frog legs and a stuffed bell pepper. It is served with jambalaya, corn maque choux and home style fries for only $20.95. This platter can easily feed two people. The barbeque shrimp is also a good choice. It is broiled in a garlic butter sauce and served with several side items as well. Gumbo is another favorite and a good choice for an appetizer or combine with a salad for a light lunch.

Another popular event at Boutin’s is during crawfish season. You can order boiled crawfish platters with potatoes and corn for $13.99. They used to have an “all you can eat” special but I’m not sure if this will be offered this year. Crawfish supplies have been down and most restaurants have stopped offering all-you-can-eat boiled crawfish.

I probably visit Boutin’s more during the lunch hours. They have lunch specials that cater to the business crowd that are priced from $7.95 to $9.95. You will find salads, po-boys and various plate dinners on the menu.

Service is always good even when the place is packed. You will be served your appetizer or dinner salad within just a few minutes of placing your order. Entrees arrive about 10-15 minutes later. The wait staff is super friendly and very knowledgeable about the menu.

This is a great place to take friends or relatives who are visiting Baton Rouge. The restaurant is alive with action every night of the week and it is a restaurant that you won’t forget and always want to come back to!


Boutin’s is a fun restaurant for groups or families to dine at. You can go out and have a nice dinner and dance a bit too at the same location. They have good food, exceptional service and a great atmosphere. I give Boutin’s 5 Stars!

Labels: A Review of Boutin's Cajun Restaurant in Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Aggie's Attic - a Richmond, Virginia Thrift Store with a Mission

Agnes Dalton is a woman on a mission! Pun intended here! Aggie’s Attic, a thrift store located in Laurel Park Shopping Center in Richmond, VA, is officially a “Mission Project of Laurel Park United Methodist Church” on Hungary Road. But this thrift store is Aggie’s “baby” birthed in her mind and heart and given life because of her determination and response to a vision she just couldn’t ignore.

Agnes greeted me the day I stopped in for the first time. She’s a warm and talkative grandma-type with a feisty streak a mile wide. She explained that she had a dream of serving her community through the church. She shared her dream with her church family and initially received “mixed support.” There was a financial risk involved and the congregation wasn’t one of the larger, well-financed Christian churches in the West End of Richmond.

But Agnes persisted and, with the support of her pastor, she eventually convinced church leadership to support her dream on a trial basis. A store front in Laurel Park Shopping Center was rented on a one-year lease, donations were collected, volunteers were recruited and in October 2009, Aggie’s Attic opened for business.

What’s so unique about Aggie’s Attic? All the workers are volunteers and all the profits go directly back into the surrounding community. During October, the first month of operation, Aggie’s Attic donated $200 to Henrico Christmas Mother, $100 each to two families at Longdale Elementary school and Maude Trevett Elementary school as well as $43 savings for a scholarship fund.

November and December yielded an even greater benefit to area residents. With a total profit of just under $900 in November Aggies Attic distributed : $200 to Henrico Christmas Mother, $100 each to two families at Holladay Elementary school and Lakeside Elementary school and $200 to Lambs Basket-a Henrico County local food pantry plus $89 to a scholarship fund. December’s donations totaled over $900.

By the end of 2009, after only 3 months in operation, Aggies Attic had donated over $2300 to help those in need in Henrico County including coats donated to local coat drive for kids, shoes for an overseas mission by Juma Semakula and items to Crump Nursing Home and Hilliard House. Clothes have been donated to the homeless, books given to the local library, and itemsprovided to Henrico County Family Services.

The store is open on Tuesdays and Fridays from 10 am to 6 pm and on Saturdays from 9 am to 4 pm. You’ll see Aggie there on many Saturdays, serving as ambassador, greeting customers and overseeing the ever growing staff of volunteers and sorting donations.

Not only does Aggie’s Attic accept donations of books, clothes and household items, they also welcome Campbell’s Soup labels and Box Tops for Education, donations of non-perishable food items and cash.

On the last Saturday of each month all clothing is on sale for 50% off. Plus buy two items and get a third item free when you donate a non-perishable food item to “The Lamb’s Basket.”

If you care to make a donation, call (804) 262-5054 or (804) 922-9385. Donations can be dropped off on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 10 am – 4 pm and on Saturdays from 9am – 3 pm.

When you stop by, look for Aggie. Tell her you read about the thrift store here!

Labels: Aggie's Attic - a Richmond, Virginia Thrift Store with a Mission

Advice for Men on How to Date After Age 35

As a single woman, I have noticed more and more than age does not always equate to wisdom when it comes to dating. As a matter of fact, if a man has reached his mid to late 30’s and is still single, he tends to feel more uneasy about dating than he did as a pre-teen.

Here’s the big secret for you men — it’s the same for women. We have the same fears, the same insecurities, the same issues as you do. We just get date while wearing a bra. And, if you date while wearing a bra — that may be part of the problem….

You see, here’s the basic problem with dating – we all just want to be treated with respect and loved. But, once you mix hormones, hurt feelings, and a dating past into the mix, we have no idea how to do that. We get scared of being hurt again, so we push someone who we really like away, just to avoid the pain again. We say we want to date, but we don’t even try when we go out.

Well, we all just need to get over ourselves. Its not a problem of not having good men or women out there, its a problem of not having the self esteem and the confidence within ourselves to realize that we are worth having a relationship with for the long haul. We have to love ourselves to love others.

Warm and fuzzy therapy aside, it is hard to be single past your college years. There is a huge pool of the opposite sex at most colleges, and after its all over with, we have to really hunt and search to find a suitable partner to date.

Men, I beg of you, just be yourself. Relax and have fun – it will make us relax and have fun. If you’re unsure of yourself just remember that we’re just as unsure too. We want you to talk to us – and you’ll know pretty quickly if we don’t want to talk to you. If you feel like you’re getting mixed signals from us, we’re probably getting mixed signals from you too. Tell us what you want and we’ll tell you want we want.

After 30, a woman begins to me more self-aware and sure of who she is. She’s more confident than her 20 year old counterparts and more likely to shoot straight with you. So, shoot straight with her. If its not working, cut the ties and move on. But, if it is, hold on for dear life. Its hard to keep the good ones, so fight for us. And, in turn, we’ll fight for you.

A man in his 30’s who is single and wonderful is hard to find. When we find a good one, we want to hold onto him. So, just be a good one and get yourself out there. Dating will take care of itself.

Labels: Advice for Men on How to Date After Age 35

5 Reasons I Went from Being a Halo: Reach Fan to Being a Call of Duty: Black Ops Convert

I’ve been a Halo fan since day one, literally [11/15/01], but after the release of Call of Duty: Black Ops a few friends finally got me to play a Call of Duty game – and boy, was I blown away. Following are 5 reasons why I switched for Reach to Black Ops.


One of the biggest bummers that came along with the release of Halo: Reach was the demise of my favorite Halo weapon of all time; the Battle Rifle (BR). Halo: Reach replaced the Battle Rifle with the Designated Marskmen Rifle and added one of the worst features ever – reticle bloom. When I first played Call of Duty: Black Ops, I was amazed at not only how many Assault Rifle options there were, but also the great amount of other awesome weapons that I had to choose from.

Better Maps

Some might argue that Halo: Reach has the better graphics over Call of Duty: Black Ops and vice versa, but none can argue that Halo: Reach has more details and well developed maps. Halo: Reach has more maps and Forge, but most of Halo‘s maps are remakes and Forge World variants whereas the maps in Call of Duty: Black Ops are all unique and well put together.

Armor Lock

Most of the reasons why I started playing more Black Ops than Halo: Reach has been because of how awesome Black Ops is, but this particular reason has something to do with how ridiculous Halo: Reach is. The Armor Lock armor ability in Halo: Reach drives me absolutely insane. Armor Lock is the most ridiculous and overpowered feature added to any Halo game – ever. I’m not butt-hurt because I get owned by Armor Lock [I don’t], I’m pissed because Armor Lock is just too overused and often unnecessary.

Credits that actually mean something

Both Halo: Reach and Call of Duty: Black Ops have their own currency system, but Black Ops, unlike Halo: Reach, allows you to gain in-game advantages and sport kickass weapons with your loot – instead of just allowing you to buy armor gear as is the case with Halo: Reach.


I know that you think that I’ve been living under a rock all of my life, but being that I’ve never played a Call of Duty game, I had no idea that they Black Ops would offer the level of customization that it did. In Halo: Reach, you’ll have to rush to and hoard the best weapons on each map, but Black Ops provides custom saved “Classes” that will allow you to spawn with your favorite weapons that caters to your personal playing style.

For more, read 5 Multiplayer Features I Wish Halo: Reach Would Steal from COD: Black Ops, 5 Reasons Halo: Reach is the Most Addictive Halo Game Ever , and 5 Tips to Earn Credits in Halo: Reach like a Pro

Check out my blog for more Tech and Gaming news.

Labels: 5 Reasons I Went from Being a Halo: Reach Fan to Being a Call of Duty: Black Ops Convert

A Product Review of Coty Airspun Fragrance Free Translucent Face Powder: Great Makeup

I have purchased many Coty brand cosmetics over the years and I am usually pleased by their performance and delighted by their low price. I came across Coty Airspun Fragrance Free Translucent Face Powder at my local Super Walmart and I decided to purchase this makeup. Here is what I discovered!

Coty products are well known for their high quality. A relative of mine recommended this face powder and has used it with much enjoyment. She stated that this product had a natural look that was easily blended in with most skin tones. That sounded great to me. As I shopped at Walmart, I remembered what she had said when I saw this product. Coty Airspun Fragrance Free Translucent Face Powder costs around seven to eight dollars but, do not be put off by that price! This face powder comes a very attractive and decorative round shaped box. It is blue, gold and white. For around eight dollars, I got a very large two point three ounce box of powder. Not only is the box pretty to look at, it is a great value. I could tell by the large amount of powder that was in the box, I would not need to buy face powder for a very long time. This product was sealed very well. This powder is loose and I apply it with a brush. The actual color or type of this powder is 071-24. If you order this product online, I found out that it is available in many other shades and numbers. The price of this makeup varies online but, it still is in the six to eight dollar range.

When I tried Coty Airspun Fragrance Free Translucent Face Powder, I liked it very much! I noticed that it did match my skin tone perfectly and that it is very light. It is hard to tell if you are wearing it but, it does cover up flaws very well. The best fact about this makeup is that it has a very natural look, in my opinion. This powder gave me a very smooth and natural finish. It goes well with most foundations that I use. It does not feel heavy on my face or look orange. It has a perfect flesh color tone that I loved. I was very pleased with this makeup and it exceeded my expectations. Even on hot days when I sweat, this makeup handles that pretty good. This exclusive face powder formula is designed to give a longwearing, flawless finish to set makeup or to be used instead of foundation. I have tried it both ways and liked the results. This versatile makeup is easy for me to use. It comes in handy for those quick touch ups and for long lasting wear. It also battles shine like no other face powder, in my opinion. This powder gives a natural and healthy glow to my skin.

Coty Airspun Fragrance Free Translucent Face Powder contains talc, calcium silicate, isopropyl palmitate, cetyl acetate, zinc stearate, acetylated lanolin alcohol, imidazolidinyl, urea, methylparaben, propylparaben and iron oxides. This product is made in the USA by Coty US, LLC located in New York, New York. I rate Coty Airspun Fragrance Free Translucent Face Powder four and one half stars out of five stars. I think this is a fabulous makeup. I will be purchasing this product again. You can find Coty Airspun Fragrance Free Translucent Face Powder at your local Super Walmart or online. I enjoyed trying this product and discovered that it works wonderfully!

Labels: A Product Review of Coty Airspun Fragrance Free Translucent Face Powder: Great Makeup

Academic Boarding Schools in Georgia and Tennessee

There are many academic boarding schools for high school students across the United States. While there are a number of schools that cater to troubled teens and special needs, there are many top-notch schools available for the high-achieving young adult. Boarding schools such as these are not for juvenile offenders. Instead, admission is rigorous and well-rounded. Some boarding schools are gender-specific while others are co-ed. Four top boarding schools are located in the Deep South in the states of Georgia and Tennessee. These schools are as academically rigorous as any in other region in the United States, with an added bonus of beautiful Southern architecture, graceful hospitality and warm, mild climates.

The McCallie School in Chattanooga, Tennessee

Founded in 1905, the McCallie School in Chattanooga is an all-male boarding and day school for students who excel in academics. The school has a middle and a high school, but boarding is available for high school students only. As of 2011, tuition and boarding costs for high school are $38,000 per year. McCallie has many financial aid packages available, from need-based assistance to merit scholarships. McCallie has a significant endowment.

The advantages of a McCallie education are many. The school sits close to the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga campus. McCallie offers a well rounded atmosphere of arts, academic achievement and athletics. Chattanooga is a mid-sized city known for its cultural renaissance and riverfront downtown. Boarding students at McCallie are exposed to the city and the Southeast region in general.

Brenau Academy in Gainesville, Georgia

Brenau Academy is located in Gainesville, Georgia, and is located adjacent to Brenau University. Brenau Academy is an all-female boarding high school. As of 2011, the Academy began offering an early college component, where students receive a high school diploma along with taking college credit courses. Cost of attendance since 2011 has been approximately $30,000 per year. Brenau offers need-based financial assistance. The Academy is accredited by SACS.

There are many advantages to a Brenau Academy education for young women. The entire college campus is open to the high school boarding students, including the Trustee Library along with over three art galleries and performances in the historic Pearce Auditorium. Brenau is located about a half hour north of the metro Atlanta area, which is steeped in the arts and cultural experiences. The school is also located in the region of the Chattahoochee National Forest, with some of the highest peaks and mountainous terrain less than an hour away.

The Darlington School in Rome, Georgia

The Upper Division of the Darlington School in Rome, Georgia, is a co-ed day and boarding institution. Boarding is available for young men and women grades 9 – 12. Academics are rigorous. As of 2011, boarding costs for this college prep program is $41,000 per year. A quarter of all students receive a financial grant. Darlington is accredited by SACS.

Darlington offers many advantages to the boarding school student. Rome is a mid-sized city with several colleges and universities within the town, including Berry College and Shorter College. Located less than an hour northwest of metro Atlanta, Darlington boarding students are able to explore the cultural and historic Atlanta downtown and surrounding areas, easily.

The St. Andrews – Sewanee School in Sewanee, Tennessee

Located atop Monteagle Mountain in Southeast Tennessee, St. Andrew’s is a small boarding school located adjacent to the University of the South, Sewanee. The school is committed to academic excellence. The cost of tuition, room and board and fees for a high school boarding student at St. Andrew’s is $40,000 per year as of 2011. The school offers many financial aid packages and is committed to providing need and merit based support to high achieving students. St. Andrew’s is accredited by SACS.

One of the major advantages of a St. Andrews boarding experience is the University of the South, whose campus connects to the school. Here students can take college courses while completing their high school education, as well as participate in art and cultural experiences. The campus is located in a rural setting and the views are breathtaking atop the scenic venues of Monteagle Mountain. Students are encouraged to experience the natural outdoors and classroom courses often take to the natural environment for science studies.

The climate at boarding schools in the South is mild, with brief winter events and long stretches of warm weather. Moreover, the four boarding schools mentioned here are established schools with long histories of academic achievement and outstanding placement rates in many colleges and universities across the country, with many scholarships awarded.

Sources: McCallie School, Brenau Academy, The Darlington School, St. Andrew’s – Sewanee School

Labels: Academic Boarding Schools in Georgia and Tennessee

5 Questions to Ask when Joining a Homeschool Group

Let’s face it, choosing a homeschool group is a very personal decision, and there are many factors involved in this process. A homeschool group can be a haven of like-minded people, where you can feel supported and at ease; or it can be a group of people whose life philosophy is very different from your own, where you feel uncomfortable at best.

Homeschoolers are a very passionate group, and each group tends to feel that their way is best – which I believe to be true! Each family knows what is best for their children and makes decisions based on this knowledge; and since each child is unique, homeschooling philosophies can encompass a broad spectrum of ideas.

This article is not about which approach is best, but rather what questions to ask when evaluating a homeschool group. Regardless of your approach to homeschooling, there are questions that will apply to everyone.

1. How structured is this group?

Before deciding to participate with a homeschool group, it is important to know how structured they are. Do they plan activities on the fly? Or do they have a calendar planned months in advance, requiring RSVPs and advance payment? For a very organized person, an “on the fly” group will be nothing but frustrating; and for a more spontaneous person, a highly organized group may be frustrating when trying to comply with deadlines and due dates.

2. What ages are included?

In some homeschool groups, siblings are permitted to participate regardless of age. However, there are some groups that have age minimums for many activities, so families with several younger children may want a homeschool group that accommodates little ones. On the flip side, families with older children (teens especially) are going to want to make sure that there are activities that include older children or their teens may find nothing to interest them.

3. Does this group offer classes?

Many homeschool groups take a co-op approach, providing classroom environments for things that work better with a larger number of children, such as experiments and dissection; or journalism (think: yearbook or newspaper). Other homeschool groups simply provide a place to plan extracurricular activities such as attending plays, or park days. It is important to know upfront both what activities your family is looking for, and what they provide.

4. What is the overall discipline style of this group?

Homeschool co-ops that offer classes must address the issue of discipline, because most of the time the parents are not involved in every class their child takes. It is imperative (in fact, I would say this is the most important question to ask) to know the overall expectations with regard to discipline. For a parent who utilizes “gentle discipline”, a group that is more punitive in nature would be a bad choice. Very often, signing up with a group gives them permission to run the “classroom” how they see fit, and the parent may not know exactly how correction is being given if they are not there. This is why it is important to ask about this up front.

5. What are the membership requirements?

Some homeschool groups require yearly fees, and my require their members to attend regular member meetings in order to remain a member in good standing. Others require that members attend a certain number of activities in order to be a part of the group. Some have no requirements at all, and are simply there for members to utilize as they have the opportunity. This varies widely, so asking this question up front is also very important.

Overall, the homeschooling journey, while very fulfilling and worthwhile, can be difficult at times. The support of like-minded people is invaluable as you strive to raise and educate your precious children, and you can never ask too many questions when considering which homeschool group to join.

Labels: 5 Questions to Ask when Joining a Homeschool Group

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