Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Activities Outside Chicago's O'Hare Airport During a Long Layover

If you’re planning to be at Chicago’s O’Hare airport but have a long layover ahead of you (at least a few hours) and don’t want to pass your time at the airport, there are lots of things you can do and see while you’re here.

If you don’t want to take a taxi, you can very easily take Chicago’s “L” train downtown using the Blue Line. It’s only $2.25 per single ride (or you can purchase a 1-day Visitor’s Pass for $5.75), only takes about 45 minutes to get to downtown, and you can access the train right in the airport’s lower level so you don’t even have to leave the airport to get on. If you get off the train at the Monroe St. Stop you will be right in downtown Chicago with access to myriad sights and activities, all mainly along Michigan Ave. Go to www.transitchicago.com for more L-train information (fares, train maps, construction delays, etc.).

Here is a short list of activities you can enjoy in downtown Chicago and still be back in time to catch your flight:

Art Institute of Chicago

Located at 111 S. Michigan Ave., the Art Institute of Chicago is well within walking distance to the Monroe. St. stop from the L-train. Visit http://www.artic.edu/aic/ for museum information.

Chicago Water Tower

The Chicago Water Tower located at 800 N. Michigan Ave. is a Chicago landmark built in 1869 that survived the famous Chicago Fire of 1871. Although the tower is no longer functional, anyone who appreciates great architecture and history will enjoy the timeless limestone brickwork and the palace-like towers.

The Magnificent Mile

Chicago’s Michigan Ave. is better known as “The Magnificent Mile” because of its seemingly never ending row of shops, restaurants and culture. If you love shopping, you need not go any farther than this “Rodeo Drive of the Midwest” on Michigan Ave. Visit www.themagnificentmile.com for more information and a list of seasonal events.

John Hancock Center

The 100-story John Hancock Center is currently the fourth tallest building in Chicago (source: Wikipedia) located at 875 N. Michigan Ave. A short ride in the elevator and you’ll be treated to a breathtaking view atop Chicago where you will literally be able to see for miles and miles. Go to www.hancock-observatory.com for details or to buy tickets.

Navy Pier

Located at 600 E. Grand Ave., Chicago’s Navy Pier is touted as “Chicago’s Lakefront Playground” and is the Midwest’s #1 tourist destination. Offering a diverse array of attractions, rides, gardens, theater, shopping and restaurants, there is definitely something for everyone at Navy Pier. Visit www.navypier.com for more information.

Labels: Activities Outside Chicago's O'Hare Airport During a Long Layover

6 Home Improvement Projects to Complete Before Winter

Now is the time to prepare your home for cold weather. In as little as one weekend, you can protect the roof, pipes, windows and doors, and insulate key areas that will help lower energy costs and prevent damage. Here are 6 winter home improvement projects that are quick to complete, inexpensive, and necessary.

Install a programmable thermostat

One of the best ways to lower your electric bill is to use a programmable thermostat. They are easy to install yourself, are available in various models that can fit any budget, and are simple to use. Get yours in place before winter hits and you’ll save considerably on your energy bill. Program the thermostat to lower during the day when no one is home, and then to automatically heat the house just before you arrive.

Clean the gutters

No one really enjoys cleaning out the gutters, but it’s certainly worth the time and effort to do before winter arrives. By cleaning out leaves and other debris from the gutters, you can prevent soil erosion, foundation damage, dry rot, ice dams, and other issues that can be expensive to repair. Learn more about how to clean the gutters.

Insulate the water heater

By wrapping the hot water heater, you can lower your energy bill considerably and enjoy more hot water during the winter. This winter home improvement is easy to do and inexpensive, yet it will really help prepare your home for cold weather. An insulated blanket for a water heater will cost around $ 25.00 or less.

Protect pipes

Pipes burst when the water inside them freezes, which can cause a great deal of damage in a short amount of time. That’s why protecting your pipes is one of the most essential winter home improvement projects there is. Before cold weather hits, insulate pipes with insulation sleeves, and seal any cracks and holes outside your home’s foundation where pipes are located. In addition, a simple way to prevent frozen pipes is to disconnect water hoses from the house and cover the outside faucets with an insulated faucet cover (around $ 1.00 each).

Winterize doors and windows

Unsealed doors and windows can let in cold air, making it difficult to efficiently heat your home. Add weather stripping around windows and entry doors to better insulate the home and keep it cozy during cold winter months.

Prevent ice dams

If you live in a snowy climate, you need to be aware of the formation of ice dams and how they can destroy a roof and cause damage to the interior rooms below it. Learn how to prevent ice dams from forming before cold weather hits. By simply preparing your home with this and other home improvement projects for winter, you can save a bundle on home repairs.

More from Jennifer Wagner:

Is your home ready for cold weather?

20+ DIY Home Improvement Projects

Home winterization tasks

Labels: 6 Home Improvement Projects to Complete Before Winter

5 Places to Order Christmas Cookies Online

Ever get stumped trying to figure out what to get people on your Christmas list? There are only so many ties and candles you can give a person before they stop returning your calls. One old-fashioned alternative is to give out Christmas cookies. With time in limited quantity now days, there are many online retailers that ship delicious Christmas cookies right to the door of everyone on your list.

1. David’s Cookies

Price range: $24.95 to $119.95

Shipping: This site offers a flat rate shipping of $4.95. They also have some items that have free shipping.

Selection: They offer Butterscotch Pecan, Cherry w/ White Chips, Chocolate Chunk, Coconut Pecan, Double Chocolate Chunk, M&M, Macadamia Chocolate Chunk, Macadamia White Chunk, Oatmeal Raisin, Orange Oatmeal Cranberry, Peanut Butter with Reese’s Chips, Pecan Chocolate Chunk and Sugar. They do not seem to carry any traditional Christmas cookies like Spritz or gingerbread, but their selection is sure to satisfy any sweet tooth. Everything they make is also Kosher Dairy certified kosher for anyone on your list that might be Jewish.

How to order: Online at http://www.davidscookies.com or by phone at 1-800-500-2800.

2. Harry and David

Price range: $19.95 to $199.95

Shipping: Their shipping price depends on the price of the order: it is $4.95 for orders up to $20.00 and $16.95 for orders over $200.00. They also have a selection of items available with free shipping.

Selection: Harry and David have a great selection of both traditional and modern cookies. They offer Tree Shortbreads, Dipped Chocolate Sandwich Cookies, Chocolate Chip Cookies, Classic Shortbreads, Lemon and Cherry Shortbreads in chocolate, Ginger Cookies and Peppermint Crunch Cookies (yum).

How to order: Online at http://www.harryanddavid.com or by phone at 1-877-322-1200.

3. Fancypants Bakery

Price range: $29.99 to $49.99

Shipping: Shipping is “based upon your order size; the shipment’s destination; and the FedEx shipping method chosen.”

Selection: Fancypants Bakery only makes shortbread cookies. They sell several cookies cut into Christmas designs and hand decorated. These works of art can be in the shape of a Christmas tree, Santa, reindeer, presents, gingerbread men, angels, doves and more

How to order: Online at http://www.fancypantsbakery.com or by phone at 508-660-1140.

4. Cathy’s Cookie Baskets

Price range: $15.95 to $61.95

Shipping: They will ship UPS Ground for anywhere with 3 days distance from their shop in North Carolina. This costs $8.95. Customers outside of this area will have to pay for quicker service that costs from $26.95 to $42.95. The reason for these restrictions is to ensure a fresh product arrives at your door.

Selection: Most of Cathy’s cookies are sold on a stick! The cookies are actually baked with a stick in them-just like lollipops. You can choose from Chocolate Chip, Chocolate Chip Pecan, Double Chocolate Chip, White Chocolate Chip Macadamia, Peanut Butter, Oatmeal Raisin and Butter Sugar.

How to order: Online at http://www.mscookie.com/ or by phone at 1-888-921-3344.

5. The Cookie Factory Outlet

Price range: $17.98 to $44.95

Shipping: Shipping is through UPS (at least for California) and will vary by order weight and shipping distance. There is a shipping quote form on the Shopping Cart page you can use before you begin to pay.

Selection: They have a very large selection of Christmas cookies in all shapes and sizes, including gingerbread men and Pfeffernusse. They even offer Kosher and sugar-free cookes.

How to order: Online at http://www.cookieoutlet.com or by phone at 1-800-548-3023.

Labels: 5 Places to Order Christmas Cookies Online

6 Reasons Not to Go on a Diet + 2 Simple Ways to Still Lose Weight

Do you know the definition of going on a diet?

The definition of – going on a diet – is to implement a regimen of eating and drinking sparingly so as to reduce one’s weight (Merriam Webster, 2010).

Sparingly? Why, that just sounds awful. I rarely do anything sparingly. And most certainly not when it comes to food. This does not mean I am a glutton but I do enjoy a good meal.

If you have ever been on a diet (as defined above) then you know how difficult a diet is to manage – both during and after you are done with the diet. But imagine if the next time you decide you want to lose weight, you also decide that you are simply not going to go on a diet.

Sounds easy, right? You want to lose weight and I’m telling you not to go on a diet. Okay, that last part is confusing. Let me see if I can help you discover how you can lose weight without dieting.

6 Reasons Not to Go on a Diet:

(1) According to the dictionary you will only be allowed to eat and drink sparingly on your diet (e.g., carefully, scarcely, frugally, inadequately, etc.).

(2) Going on a diet means you will eventually have to come off the diet. Can you do this without gaining back all that weight you worked so hard to lose? Not if you go back to your old eating habits – you will gain the weight again, maybe even more the next time around.

(3) Being on a diet often means depriving yourself of foods that are good and good for you. Whether you low-carb, low-cal, low-fat, or merely take sweets off your menu, you are telling yourself you cannot have those things because you “are on a diet”. This way of thinking can cause diet failure faster than you can say: “I’ll have the Fettuccine Alfredo”, or “How about another chunk of double fudge chocolate cake, yum.”

(4) Going on a diet is often a monumental occasion. There may be a whole week or more of festivities leading up to Day One of your diet. These pre-diet celebrations may include (but are not limited to) excessive eating and drinking; avoiding any type of exercise – if you have a perfectly good child (or more) you can simply make (him, her, or them) do your bidding; and daily pep-talks about just how well you are going to do on this diet.

(5) Going on a diet means that if you stray even once while you are on the diet then you have failed the entire diet and will have to begin again (starting with the #4 reason to not go on a diet).

(6) Going on a diet will not help you achieve your weight loss goals. You do wish to lose the weight and keep it off, right? If you’ve answered yes, then going on a diet is not going to work for you.

You cannot radically change the way you eat (even for a short time) and expect that once you go back to eating “normally” you will be able to maintain your weight loss.

So now what do you do? You do still wish to lose that weight, don’t you? And now going on a diet isn’t going to work; so what’s a person to do?

2 Simple Ways Not to Diet and Still Lose Weight:

(1) Change your mind.

(2) Change your lifestyle.

Change your mind about how you view dieting. You do not want to diet. You want to get healthy. You want to lose weight and keep it off; but more than that you want to improve your health, which may just prolong your life – your new healthier life.

Now that you have changed your mind about going on a diet you must change your lifestyle. You must decide that now is the time to start eating healthy, get exercising, and begin a whole new way of life.

You want to live, not die-t, right?

The Bottom Line:

Until you realize that you must change the way you think about dieting – choosing instead to get healthy – you will not shed that weight and keep it off.

Take it from someone who spent years and years on one diet or another and has now begun a new life plan. I did not go on a diet this time; I changed my mind and my lifestyle; and now I am getting healthy. 12.6 pounds and 16.5 inches gone in just one month assures me that I’m going to love my new lifestyle.

And you can too. Live healthy: mind, body, and spirit; and be amazed at what not going on a diet can do for you. Good luck to you in all you do!



Personal Experience (What one month of not going on a diet has done for me)

*To stay updated about San’s personal weight loss journey – Lose the Fat Keep the Fab, my 52 weeks to wellness – please visit AskSanAnything at YouTube and learn how you can get healthy too.

**To discover the 3 best ways to avoid dieting and still lose weight please read: The 3 Best Tips for Your Weight Loss Success.

***And please check out 42 Ways to Live Healthy: Mind, Body, and Spirit – The Quick Reference Guide. It’s a fabulous guide to some of the best weight loss tips, success stories, and other health related articles on the internet; written by AC’s very own wonderful writers and updated often. Enjoy!

Labels: 6 Reasons Not to Go on a Diet + 2 Simple Ways to Still Lose Weight

Acne Mythbusters: The Most Popular Pimple Myths

We all know what pain acne is. The little red zits ready to burst. The pimples filled with pus that make you look like a pizza. It sucks and you know it. You feel like the whole world cannot see pass your imperfections. Fact is that 85% of teenagers have acne at some point of their lives, but only something about 11% seek help. Given that acne is a really common skin condition, many myths have surfaced regarding breakouts. Some of them are right out ridiculous, while others may seem to have some scientific basis.

Here are some of the most common acne myths we hear everyday and feed this social taboo.

  1. Dirty skin causes acne – If you actually believe this, you will actually begin to over wash and possibly scrub your skin. Remember that acne is caused by clogged pores, and while it may seem logical that dirt may plug shut pores, it is not the cause. Over washing leads to an overproduction of sebum, or oil, causing more breakouts rather than clearing them up. Don’t believe this myth.

  2. Chocolate causes acne – Really? Well, a poor diet may aggravate acne, but its not the cause. Obviously we should watch what we eat to ensure proper body health, but research has shown us that we are not entirely sure if acne is related to diet. Chocolate has shown to not cause acne, so don’t worry. However, in order to ensure good health, we should always eat fruits and vegetables.

  3. Acne is just a cosmetic disease – Eh, not really. Yes, it does affect how you look, but that’s not the whole story. Picking at your acne can lead to permanent scarring, as well as some emotional stress. Acne is not merely cosmetic.

  4. Just let acne run its course – Wrong answer! There are plenty of medications that can help, including benzoyl peroxide which kills acne bacteria, and salicylic acid, which encourages the shedding of dead skin cells to keep the pores from clogging. You do not want to let acne run its course. There may be some scarring that may occur. Remember, there are treatments.

  5. Masturbation and sex causes acne – Guys really hate this one. And for a good reason. But then again, it’s a myth. Higher testosterone causes an increase in sexual desire and sexual activity. Higher testosterone is also related to more severe acne. So it may make sense that since we have so much testosterone we get breakouts and we have higher sexual desire. Dish out this as a myth.

So yeah, acne sucks no doubt about it. I cannot stress that enough. But some people believe they aggravated their acne in some one or another. Don’t worry about it, you did nothing to cause your acne. You were just unfortunate to have bad genes and breakout. Remember, there is always medication and it doesn’t last forever.

Labels: Acne Mythbusters: The Most Popular Pimple Myths

5 Haircuts Every Black Man Should Get

A lot of black men love to simply go natural – you know the types, the ones that you can easily pick out who must do their own heads. But what about the black man who wants to look totally clean-cut, with a little edge, and of course sex appeal? These are the top 5 cuts every black man needs to try.

The Bald Fade. This is one of the hottest cuts a black man who possesses hair can have. This cut is almost completely shaved down to the crown at the back and sides of the head, with the top being cut to no more than around a half inch. It’s often worn by Marines, and is also called a “High and Tight cut”. It works only for black men who have hair on top, so a black man who is balding up top would not be able to pull this off very well. But for the black man who can pull it off, it’s hot!

The Afro Temp. Don’t be scared away by the word afro stuck in there – this is no afro from the 70’s! Rather, it’s a cut for a black man with great hair. The Afro Temp leaves just enough pile to make it considered an afro, but it is by no means sloppy. The sides and edges are nicely smoothed out with only a bare fade, but the top has the most height. It can be really hot if you’ve got the hair to pull it off!

The Lite Caeser. As the name implies, it’s a look that kind of looks like the helmet you would imagine King Caesar wearing, because it leaves the beard intact enough, shaping it down through the side burns but cutting it off at a certain point so as not to make it a full Caesar that would typically wrap around through the beard. It’s a great cut for a man who is not concerned about etiquette perhaps in the church or at work, as long side burns can be inappropriate at times. Otherwise, it is hot!

The Mohawk. Don’t be scared away by this one either! It’s actually really hot right now, especially with young black men. It’s like a fade, but the hair on the top of the head is shaped more into a Mohawk shape. It works if you have the hair to work with. Can’t envision it? Check out alexccampbell.com/mohawk_hot_to_cut_mohawks.aspx for a video presentation on it!

Bald. A clean cut for man black men, especially those who are balding. It can be cut so as to leave almost a peach fuzz, or it can be completely cleaned up leaving almost a shine. It can be really hot, even with young men who have begun to bald.

Some come on and step on out as a black man! With these great cuts, you can get back to the old, sexy you… or step on out for the first time as a young man with lots of style!

Labels: 5 Haircuts Every Black Man Should Get

Active and Passive Voice Activity for ESL Students

Advanced English as a second language students are ready to learn the differences between active and passive voice sentence construction. If students are in school, they are likely to experience comments on their essays and reports that encourage them to use more active voice sentences. Some students may be looking for a job, and using the active voice on resumes and cover letters is vital.

The active voice is used in sentences where the subject performs the action, and passive voice sentences are those in which the subject is still important in the sentence, but something else performs the action. For example, “The dog ate the bone” is a sentence in the active voice, and “The bone was eaten by the dog” is a sentence written in the passive voice. Passive voice sentences are not necessarily wrong, but for essays, reports, resumes, and cover letters, they should be used as little as possible.

This activity is geared toward ESL students who are looking for a job.

Prepare an example of a resume and cover letter that uses the passive voice in some of its sentences. Pair students up, and provide each pair with either a copy of the passive voice resume or the passive voice cover letter. Students work together to identify the passive voice sentences in their document. They will highlight the passive tense sentences.

The pairs of students will then exchange either their resume or their cover letter with another pair of students. Each pair should end up with the document they did not originally have. Then each pair will work to change the highlighted sentences into sentences in the active voice.

In another class or for homework, students can prepare their own cover letter or resume for a particular job posting that you, as the teacher, find and copy for each student. Encourage students to write only in the active voice. When students have completed this activity, they can read or summarize their cover letters to the class.

Labels: Active and Passive Voice Activity for ESL Students

Age Discrimination in Hiring Practices: It Happened to Me

Just as sure as the rivers flow to the sea, age discrimination in hiring is going on daily. People age 50 and above are losing their jobs at an alarming rate due to companies closing their doors or just downsizing. These “seniors” are left to look for jobs that are being filled by people in their 20’s. Very few companies want to hire a person age 50-65, no matter how much experience they have or how low of a wage they are willing to accept.

I have suffered age discrimination in my search for a job several times, but the most blatant was 2 weeks ago. I have 3 years experience working at the front desk of a dentist. I have filed insurance claims, collected payments, greeted patients, ordered dental supplies, explained billing, filed prior authorizations and claims for Ohio Medicaid, answered the phones, made appointments and done everything in between. I left that office in March because it was such a far drive. The cost to fill my gas tank was eating up almost 1/3 of my part-time wages.

I saw there was an opening at a dental office less than 3 miles from my home in the Sunday paper. I called early Monday morning and talked directly to the office manager. She asked me about my experience and I told her. She said, and I quote “You are just what we are looking for,” followed by: “Is it possible to start immediately?” She asked if I could come in at 11 and fill out an application and please bring my resume. She assured me that we would be able to talk further about salary and benefits when I came in. I thought, from the way things were going that I had the job or at least was in the running for it.

When I arrived 10 minutes early, I was greeted by a very young, very tanned, very blond receptionist. She asked me: “Who are you here for?” Huh? What ever happened to: “Hello, how can I help you?” I was given an application and sent to a chair. As I was writing a 20-something, also very tanned, Lindsey Lohan look a like came out and told me she was Lisa, the office manager. I stood up, smiled, introduced myself and reached out to shake her hand. In response she turned and walked away. I finished the application and took it to the front desk where I was told to sit down and the office manager would be out to talk to me. Twenty minutes later the receptionist told me I could leave, the office manager was busy and that she’d call me later. She never called. A week later they were still running the ad in the paper. So much for that “immediate” need for help.

The only conclusion I could make from this experience is that I was too old to work there. On the phone I was perfect for the job and they couldn’t wait to meet me. When I arrived there for the interview I was clean, well dressed in business attire, and acted courteously and professionally. The only conclusion I can come to is that at age 54, I was too old.

My pursuit for the perfect part-time job continues. In a way I’m glad I wasn’t called because had I been hired I probably would have been ignored and treated poorly by the other staff there. Eventually, I will find an employer that is looking for a reliable, smart, polite woman with a few wrinkles and many good years left.

Labels: Age Discrimination in Hiring Practices: It Happened to Me

A Woman Reborn: A Look at Cleansing and Purging in Sylvia Plath's the Bell Jar

Sylvia Plath’s semi-autobiographical novel, The Bell Jar, chronicle’s Esther Greenwood’s struggle against an oppressive American society to which she cannot adapt. This struggle results in Esther’s depression, leading to the heavily distorted perceptions that Plath equates to the concave glass of a bell jar. As Esther’s mental state spirals out of control, she attempts suicide in order to escape her family issues, her career anxieties, and the conformism of society. The Bell Jar presents motifs of cleansing, purging, and rebirth to demonstrate Esther’s climb from beneath the bell jar’s debilitating effects after her suicide attempt. The recurring subject of Esther’s rebirth is presented as Esther purifies herself of the material world, her own thoughts, and society’s sexual values.

During her summer internship in New York, Esther realizes that she neither fits in with the traditional girls at the magazine, nor is she able to rebel like Doreen. She also becomes frustrated with her inability to decide on a career path and the limited professions available to women. When Esther’s frustrations build up, she tries to find a ritual to help her cope with her negative feelings and settles on a bath that will wash away the things that upset her. Esther states that she “[feels] about a hot bath the way those religious people feel about holy water” (20). As she soaks, Esther lets her troubles dissolve so that when she “[steps] out at last and [wraps herself] in the — hotel bath towel [she feels] pure and sweet as a new baby” (20). Esther is not religious, so she must find another purifying ritual, another thing that separates her from the norm. The bath that Esther takes rinses her of worldly problems, but it only eases her mind for a short time before she is sullied with them again. Furthermore, the bathing ritual that Esther creates to settle her material worries is an escape mechanism that will not fix her problems, which is why her mental state worsens in the novel.

Esther also attempts to deal with her worries through food. She eats continuously in an attempt to fill the emptiness left by feeling excluded and hopeless. At the Ladies Day banquet, Esther unsuspectingly stuffs herself with ptomaine infested crab meat, resulting in severe food poisoning and copious vomiting. Even though the ordeal could have killed Esther, she feels “purged and holy and ready for a new life” afterwards (48). Again, Esther equates her own rituals to a religious one, and again her ritual fails to solve the underlying causes of her discontent. Esther’s attempts to cope with her problems through excess are inadequate, which, aside from showing why Esther does not get better despite being “ready for a new life,” comment on the emptiness and stupidity of American consumerism.

The therapy that Esther undergoes after her suicide attempt also acts as a cleansing force and rebirth. For example, after experiencing electroshock therapy correctly, Esther feels as though “All the heat and fear had purged itself” and as though “the bell jar hung, suspended, a few feet above [her] head” (215). The electroshock therapy cleanses Esther’s mind by not allowing her to focus on her complex, negative thoughts. While the methods used by Dr. Nolan are beneficial in that they keep Esther from obsessing over her failure to fit into society and keep her from contemplating suicide, they also harm her by not allowing her to deal with her actual problems. For this reason, the sort of rebirth Esther undergoes at the end of The Bell Jar, it could be argued, will not be long-lasting.

Throughout The Bell Jar, Esther is frustrated by the double-standard that exists between men and women. When she finds out that Buddy Willard is not a virgin, and that he fully expects her to remain pure for him, she connects his mindset with the overall mindset of society. For example, Esther recounts how a lawyer once told her that ” the best men wanted to be the ones to teach their wives about sex,” and then expresses how she cannot “stand the idea of a woman having to have a single, pure life and a man being able to have a double-life, one pure and one not” (81). This frustration and Buddy Willard’s betrayal lead Esther to rebel by sleeping with a man. In most of the novel, Esther moves closer to her rebirth through cleansing and purging; however, when it comes to sex, Esther moves closer to her rebirth by breaking away from society’s values and becoming “unclean.” Her first step is to purchase contraception with the help of Dr. Nolan’s references. Without the worry of becoming pregnant, Esther feels like a free woman more equal to her male counterparts. The concept of purging returns when Esther actually loses her virginity. After having sex with Ivan, a professor that Esther meets by chance, she begins to hemorrhage, cut by the same contraception that brought her freedom. Like the time when Esther consumed poisoned meat, she still feels reborn after the traumatizing experience.

Throughout The Bell Jar, Sylvia Plath presents motifs of cleansing and purging of the material world, her own thoughts, and society’s sexual values to signify Esther Greenwood’s rebirth. Many times, the cleansing and purging are a result of rituals that Esther has specifically devised to cope with her family, vocational, and worldly troubles. Unfortunately, at the end of the novel, the reader does not know whether Esther’s final rebirth allows her to function in an oppressive American society, or whether it only continues the cycle of the bell jar’s descent and eventual lifting.

Labels: A Woman Reborn: A Look at Cleansing and Purging in Sylvia Plath's the Bell Jar

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