Saturday, December 17, 2016

10 Shade Tolerant Native Trees for Your Landscape

Shady areas in a landscape have a tendency to be tricky on many flowers, shrubs, and trees. If you’d like to liven up a sun starved area of your yard or garden with native trees, then these selections will help you decide which ones are right for you.

Aesculus pavia L. (Red Buckeye)


Kingdom Plantae – Plants


Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants


Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants


Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants


Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons


Subclass Rosidae


Order Sapindales


Family Hippocastanaceae – Horse-chestnut family


Genus Aesculus L. – buckeye


Species Aesculus pavia L. – red buckeye


This deciduous tree can also be a bushy shrub in some locations. It is a fast growing to its mature height of 15-25 feet. It will flower in dark red tubular flowers form April to May, and is a prime pick for those who want a splash of color. Hummingbird friendly, this tree will also attract bees. It prefers shady locations and will bloom early for first color in your garden. Keep in mind; this is a short lived tree.


Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt. (Water Hickory, Bitter Pecan)


Kingdom Plantae – Plants


Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants


Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants


Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants


Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons


Subclass Hamamelidae


Order Juglandales


Family Juglandaceae – Walnut family


Genus Carya Nutt. – hickory


Species Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt. – water hickory


This tree gets up to 65 feet tall and one foot wide. It has a narrow crown and prefers partial shade with wet soil. Its flowers are yellow and its fruits are nuts in thin husks. The seeds have a bitter taste, giving the name “Bitter Pecan”. Its bark is shaggy and scaly and lends texture to the tree. Its wood is difficult to work with and is used normally as a fuel source.


Carya ovata (P. Mill.) K. Koch (Shagbark Hickory)


Kingdom Plantae – Plants


Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants


Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants


Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants


Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons


Subclass Hamamelidae


Order Juglandales


Family Juglandaceae – Walnut family


Genus Carya Nutt. – hickory


Species Carya ovata (P. Mill.) K. Koch – shagbark hickory


This particular hickory has richly aromatic leaves and the wood is good for meat smoking in barbeques. It will get up to 70-90 feet tall with a spread of 30-40 feet. It is a slow grower. Known as the best tasting of the hickory nuts; one mature tree will ripen 2-3 bushels a year. It is shade tolerant and can tolerate normal drought. Plant this in sun or partial shade for maximum growth. This is bold and ornamental in the landscape.


Cornus amomum P. Mill. (Silky dogwood)


Kingdom Plantae – Plants


Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants


Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants


Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants


Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons


Subclass Rosidae


Order Cornales


Family Cornaceae – Dogwood family


Genus Cornus L. – dogwood


Species Cornus amomum P. Mill. – silky dogwood


Another great selection for bird lovers, the silky dogwood will grow from 6-15 feet. It has abundant small white flowers from May to June, and will produce blue berry-like fruit from August to September. It’s this fruit that makes it a favorite for birds. It favors partial shade. Although it does flower, it is decidedly non-fragrant.


Crataegus aestivalis (Walt.) Torr. & Gray (May hawthorn)


Kingdom Plantae – Plants


Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants


Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants


Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants


Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons


Subclass Rosidae


Order Rosales


Family Rosaceae – Rose family


Genus Crataegus L. – hawthorn


Species Crataegus aestivalis (Walt.) Torr. & Gray – may hawthorn


This tree gets up to 20-30 feet high and wide; preferring partial shade and moist soil. It has white blooms in spring. It grows moderately fast and easily. Herbal folklore has it as a heart tonic, as a tea or a tincture. Its green leaves turn yellow in fall and its fruits are red dotted, resembling a crabapple.


Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. (American Beech)


Kingdom Plantae – Plants


Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants


Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants


Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants


Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons


Subclass Hamamelidae


Order Fagales


Family Fagaceae – Beech family


Genus Fagus L. – beech


Species Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. – American beech


A slow growing tree that prefers partial shade and well drained soil. It will get 50-80 feet tall and have a spread of 40-60 feet. It has golden brown fall color and its fruits (nuts) will attract birds and squirrels. It has flowers that will appear just after the leaves. Beech has sensitivity to heat and drought.


Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. (Carolina Ash)


Kingdom Plantae – Plants


Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants


Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants


Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants


Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons


Subclass Asteridae


Order Scrophulariales


Family Oleaceae – Olive family


Genus Fraxinus L. – ash


Species Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. – Carolina ash


Growing up to 25-50 feet tall and having a trunk diameter of 6 inches this Ash prefers partial shade and wet soil. It has light green leaves and one winged samara fruits that mature around October or November. It has ash grey bark.


Magnolia tripetala (L.) L. (Umbrella Magnolia, umbrella-tree)


Kingdom Plantae – Plants


Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants


Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants


Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants


Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons


Subclass Magnoliidae


Order Magnoliales


Family Magnoliaceae – Magnolia family


Genus Magnolia L. – magnolia


Species Magnolia tripetala (L.) L. – umbrella-tree


With one to two foot diamond shaped leaves, the umbrella tree really is a canopied marvel. It gets up to 40 feet tall and has a 20-30 foot spread. It will have several trunks and large showy flowers that are typical to the magnolia taxa. Its cone like fruit will mature in August or September and is pollinated by beetles. This magnolia prefers partial shade or full shade and is not drought tolerant. An ornamental favorite for any garden, this tree will do you proud.


Magnolia virginiana L. (Sweetbay)


Kingdom Plantae – Plants


Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants


Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants


Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants


Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons


Subclass Magnoliidae


Order Magnoliales


Family Magnoliaceae – Magnolia family


Genus Magnolia L. – magnolia


Species Magnolia virginiana L. – sweetbay


A slow-growing evergreen tree, this magnolia species can grow from 50-100 feet. It produces spectacular white flowers from April to July and will have red fruits from July to October. It will do perfectly in a partly shady spot in your landscape. Two-thirds of all magnolia wood is used for furniture, but it is also used for Popsicle sticks, tongue depressors, and broom handles. It is important forage for deer and cattle, making up 25% of their diet in the winter.


Persea borbonia (L.) Spreng. (Redbay)


Kingdom Plantae – Plants


Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants


Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants


Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants


Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons


Subclass Magnoliidae


Order Laurales


Family Lauraceae – Laurel family


Genus Persea P. Mill. – bay


Species Persea borbonia (L.) Spreng. – redbay


Redbay will get up to 70 feet tall and has bright green aromatic leaves. It prefers light shade and moist soil. Its flowers are small light yellow green and hang in clusters; its fruits are dark blue in fall. The bark is dark with a reddish tint. Seeds are used as quail food and the leaves have been used for flavorings.


Labels: 10 Shade Tolerant Native Trees for Your Landscape

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